Ukraine war: The top developments you need to know for Tuesday
Crimea military base explosion
Powerful explosions rocked an air base in Russian-occupied Crimea on Tuesday, and while the Defence Ministry in Moscow said that nobody was injured in the explosion, local authorities said at least five people, including a child, were wounded.
Russia’s Defense Ministry said that munitions blew up at the Saki base, and it emphasized that the installation had not been shelled.
“Several munitions intended for aviation exploded in a depot located on the territory of the Saki military airfield, near the locality of Novofiodorovka,” the statement said, quoted by Russian news agencies.
Ukrainian social networks were abuzz with speculation that it was hit by Ukrainian-fired long-range missiles, and the New York Times cites Ukrainian sources who confirm it was their military which carried out the attack. There has been no official confirmation as yet.
Ukraine: Rise in number of premature babies since start of war
The war in Ukraine has led to an increase in premature births in health centres, the global health agency Unitaid said, sending oxygen therapy equipment to help babies.
The Russian invasion of Ukraine is “increasing the stress level of pregnant women, leading to an increase in the number of premature births reported,” Unitaid spokesman Hervé Verhoosel told a news conference in Geneva on Tuesday.
“Babies born prematurely are more likely to develop respiratory, neurological or digestive complications – conditions that often require oxygen treatment,” he said.
Unitaid has sent 220 oxygen delivery devices and 125 oxygen blender systems (to adjust the concentration of oxygen). They are now available in 25 centres across the country, 17 of which are perinatal centres.
“In some of the hospitals our partners talked to during the training on the use of the equipment, there were increases of 12 to 40%,” Verhoosel said.
“But you have to put this into perspective slightly. For the moment, given the situation, many of the more traditional, uncomplicated births are not taking place in hospitals, which are more likely to receive difficult cases. This contributes to the increase in the percentages. But the increase is real,” he told AFP.
The conflict in Ukraine has damaged or destroyed many hospitals.
“This puts thousands of newborns at high risk of disability or death due to lack of access to oxygen, necessary equipment and essential treatment,” the Unitaid spokesman said.
To date, the World Health Organisation (WHO) has verified 434 attacks on health services since the Russian invasion of Ukraine, 366 of which have affected health facilities.
Finland and Estonia call for EU ban on Russian tourist visas
The leaders of Estonia and Finland want other EU countries to stop issuing tourist visas to Russian citizens, saying they should not be able to travel to Europe on holiday while the Kremlin carries out a devastating war in Ukraine.
Estonian Prime Minister Kaja Kallas wrote on Tuesday that “visiting Europe is a privilege, not a human right” and that it is “time to end tourism from Russia now”.
In response, former Russian President Dmitry Medvedev compared Kallas to a “Nazi”.
A day earlier, her Finnish counterpart Sanna Marin said in a TV interview that “it is not right that while Russia is waging an aggressive, brutal war of aggression in Europe, Russians can live a normal life, travel in Europe, be tourists.”
Russia blames America for nuclear weapons inspection spat
A senior Russian diplomat said Tuesday that Moscow’s decision to declare a freeze on US inspections of its nuclear arsenals under a key arms control treaty was triggered by Washington’s push for a quick visit by inspectors.
Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said the US demand for Russia to immediately allow an inspection trip under the New START treaty looked like an “open provocation” amid the current US-Russian tensions.
“A notice about the US intention to perform an inspection on our territory in the nearest days became a trigger,” Ryabkov said in a statement posted on the Russian Foreign Ministry’s website.
The ministry responded Monday by announcing a temporary halt on US inspections. It argued that the sanctions on Russian flights imposed by America and its allies, visa restrictions and other obstacles effectively have made it impossible for Russian military experts to visit US nuclear weapons sites, giving the Americans “unilateral advantages.”
The Biden administration had no immediate public response to the move.
Russia cuts oil shipments to central Europe
Several countries in Europe dependent on Russian energy suffered another blow with confirmation Tuesday that oil shipments have stopped through a critical pipeline.
Russian state pipeline operator Transneft said it halted shipments through the southern branch of the Druzhba oil pipeline, which flows through Ukraine to the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary.
Transneft cited complications due to European Union sanctions for its action on Aug. 4, saying its payment to the company’s Ukrainian counterpart was refused.
The northern leg of the Druzhba pipeline, which runs through Belarus to Poland and Germany, was unaffected, Transneft reported.
EU leaders agreed in May to embargo most Russian oil imports by the end of the year as part of the bloc’s sanctions over Moscow’s war in Ukraine.
The embargo covers Russian oil brought in by sea but allowed temporary Druzhba pipeline shipments to Hungary and certain other landlocked countries in central Europe.
Slovakia’s oil pipeline network operator, Transpetrol, and the refining company Slovnaft confirmed that Druzhba shipments to the nation had stopped. Slovakia receives almost all its oil through the Druzhba pipeline.
Slovnaft, which is owned by Hungary’s MOL energy group, said its production has not been affected.
Slovnaft spokesperson Anton Molnar said the company and MOL were discussing with Russia and Ukraine an option for MOL, or Slovnaft, to pay the transit fees.
“The following days will show if it’s another escalation of the energy war by Russia or a technical problem about payments,” Czech Industry and Trade Minister Jozef Sikela said.
Slovakia’s economy minister, Richard Sulik, previously said his country has enough oil in its reserves for about 120 days.
Russia has also curtailed natural gas shipments to Europe after most countries refused to abide by Russian President Vladimir Putin’s wartime order requiring payments in rubles instead of dollars or euros.