the trap set by Emmanuel Macron on the right | EUROtoday

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Emmanuel Macron, during the conference of ambassadors at the Elysée Palace, August 28, 2023.

Will there be a referendum on immigration? In the letter despatched Thursday, September 7 to the leaders of political events, Emmanuel Macron guarantees to determine rapidly on the growth, with the assist of a constitutional revision, of the scope of the referendum, which might then be used on immigration. “I suggest I make you a proposal on this subject in the coming weeks”he wrote to them, not with out stating that the dialogue of August 30 in the royal abbey of Saint-Denis “did not bring about a consensus” on this subject.

During the dinner at the Elysée previous the conferences in Saint-Denis, on August 29, surrounded by round twenty executives from the majority, the Head of State put the topic on the desk for the first time. A response to the right and the far right, who’ve been calling for months for the group of a referendum on migration points. “There is no phenomenon in the history of our country that has shaken French society as much as immigration.justifies Bruno Retailleau, leader of the Republicans (LR) in the Senate, relying on the work of sociologist Marcel Gauchet. Popular sovereignty will have to assert itself. »

That evening, some of the guests saw the referendum as a response to the democratic crisis. But the oldest remind us of the fundamentals. “Widening the scope of the referendum requires a reform of the Constitution”, underlines the former president of the National Assembly Richard Ferrand. Because the French can right this moment solely be consulted, below Article 11 of the Constitution, on the group of public powers, financial or social coverage and the ratification of treaties having an affect on the functioning of establishments. To allow them to determine on immigration, it could first be essential to broaden the scope of this text.

A double lock

For this, a draft constitutional revision would first need to be voted on by each chambers in an identical phrases. No small matter, when the right dominates the Luxembourg Palace and the government doesn’t have an absolute majority in the Assembly. It should then be authorised both by referendum or by Congress, by a 3/fifth majority of Parliament. A double lock which makes the operation unsure. “The Constitution is made to prevent abuses”insists to the World François Bayrou.

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The head of the MoDem additionally took the flooring throughout the Élysée dinner, to debate what a number of individuals had in thoughts: the try at constitutional reform led by François Mitterrand in 1984 which, towards all expectations, had allowed the president to the Republic of the time to get out of a really unhealthy state of affairs.

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