The authorities specifies its technique to get France “out of its dependence on fossil fuels” | EUROtoday

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The first offshore wind farm in France, opposite Saint-Nazaire (Loire-Atlantique), January 5, 2023.

France’s main power selections, affirmed for the reason that Belfort speech by Emmanuel Macron, in February 2022, had been recognized. They are confirmed and specified within the French technique for power and local weather, which should be made public on Wednesday November 22 and which The world consulted.

On the premise of this 85-page doc, which is the results of two years of labor and consultations, a draft regulation on power manufacturing can be introduced to the Council of Ministers. The parliamentary debate on this article will happen in 2024, at greatest, nearly a yr late: the 2019 regulation offered for the adoption of a primary “Energy-climate programming law” no later than 1er July 2023. The third version of the multi-annual power programming (PPE) should be adopted instantly, in addition to that of the nationwide low carbon technique (SNBC).

Behind this abundance of acronyms, that is the way in which to attempt to get France out “dependence on fossil fuels” – answerable for world warming – what this technique describes. While oil, fuel and marginally coal nonetheless symbolize round 60% of our power consumption, their share must be diminished to 42% in 2030 and 29% in 2035.

First problem

To obtain these significantly formidable targets, the chief units as its first problem to cut back power consumption by 40% to 50% by 2050 in comparison with 2021. Between now and 2030, the speed of discount must considerably speed up. , to achieve -30% in comparison with 2012 – the present PPE forecasts a drop of 16.5% in 2028.

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For such a shift, the options rely largely on the environment friendly thermal renovation of buildings – to this point little or no carried out – and the electrification of transport. Now, sobriety can be introduced as important. It includes altering behaviors and particular person and collective makes use of.

In the context of the warfare in Ukraine and the rise in power costs, the French have already diminished their electrical energy and fuel consumption by 12% between August 2022 and July 2023 in comparison with a reference interval (2018). -2019), excluding climate results. The problem shouldn’t be solely to make this discount sustainable, however to additional improve the hassle, with out penalizing extra modest households.

At the identical time, the chief specifies the way it intends to significantly improve the manufacturing of low-carbon power. Electricity manufacturing is predicted to turn out to be the bulk within the power combine, with progress of twenty-two% by 2035 in comparison with 2021, and 55% by 2050.

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