the completely different choices obtainable to the federal government | EUROtoday
The National Assembly adopted on Monday December 11 by 270 votes to 265 a movement for prior rejection of the immigration invoice, inflicting a heavy political defeat on the federal government.
Tabled by the environmentalist group and voted for by the socialist teams, RN and LR, the adoption of this movement entails the speedy interruption of the examination of the textual content, even earlier than the substantive articles are mentioned. Recourse to article 49 paragraph 3 of the Constitution, permitting the textual content to be adopted with no vote, just isn’t attainable at this stage.
However, the textual content just isn’t definitively rejected. The authorities can now select to let the textual content proceed its legislative journey within the Senate, convene a joint committee, or resolve to desert it.
The textual content re-examined within the Senate
The authorities can select to let its invoice proceed its legislative journey and return to the Senate, the place it was adopted at first studying, though considerably revised.
The LR senators, within the majority on the Luxembourg Palace, then elevated the invoice from twenty-seven articles to 100, significantly toughening, typically with the settlement of the chief, the repressive nature of the textual content.
Restriction of land rights for youngsters born in France to overseas dad and mom; abolition of state medical help; tightening of the situations for household reunification, scholar migration and the issuance of a sick overseas residence allow; restriction of entry to social rights; reinstatement of the offense of unlawful residence; withdrawal of a residence allow within the occasion of non-compliance with “principles of the Republic” ; exclusion of individuals with no residence allow from the best to emergency lodging… Several of those measures have been then rebutted or rewritten by the deputies, through the examination of the textual content in committee.
The convening of a joint committee
The authorities could resolve to convene a joint committee (CMP). Convened within the occasion of persistent disagreement on a textual content, a CMP brings collectively seven deputies, seven senators and as many substitutes behind closed doorways, to attempt to obtain a consensus on the textual content.
The rule is that the CMP assembly permits for “propose a text on the remaining provisions under discussion”in line with article 45 of the Constitution, that’s to say on the provisions “which were not adopted in the same terms by both assemblies”. No extra provision is due to this fact accepted, and the best of modification just isn’t exercised.
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Theoretically, discussions would due to this fact start on the one textual content adopted in one of many two parliamentary chambers, particularly that voted by the Senate, inserting the best able of power. Bruno Retailleau, the president of the LR group within the higher home, is already exhibiting the colour: if the federal government convenes a joint joint committee, “it is obviously the Senate text which will be our only compass”.
The abandonment of the immigration invoice
After the snub suffered by the Minister of the Interior, the federal government can declare the tip of the legislative technique of the “immigration” invoice and withdraw its textual content. This is especially what associations and NGOs for the protection of foreigners are calling for. “We must stop being stubborn and remove the text”determined with Agence France-Presse (AFP) Fanélie Carrey-Conte, common secretary of La Cimade, one of many associations which had organized a rally in opposition to this invoice firstly of the afternoon close to the ‘National Assembly.
“We must seize this opportunity to decree a pause in this incendiary debate, which we clearly saw could only lead to a policy very unfavorable to foreigners”observes for his half Benoît Hamon, former socialist minister who now heads the NGO Singa.
On the aspect of the political class, alternatively, a number of voices have been raised to demand the continuation of the parliamentary debate. “All I want is for the government to continue, because it can do so, in its desire to provide answers to the immigration problem”argued specifically the president of the Horizons group (occasion of Edouard Philippe) Laurent Marcangeli, member of the bulk and assist of the textual content defended by Gérald Darmanin.
Monday night, on TF1, the Minister of the Interior, whose resignation was refused by Emmanuel Macron, appeared to rule out this speculation. “The President of the Republic asked the Prime Minister and the Minister of the Interior and Overseas Territories to make proposals to move forward by lifting this blockage and arriving at an effective law”stated the top of state’s entourage firstly of the night.