The least recognized face of the ‘Occident Magazine’ is remembered in an exhibition | Culture | EUROtoday

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Visitors to the exhibition dedicated to the second stage, between 1963 and 1975, of the 'Magazine of the West'.
Visitors to the exhibition devoted to the second stage, between 1963 and 1975, of the ‘Magazine of the West’.

The components that outline the legendary science and tradition journal Western Magazine They are on this exhibition: the elongated typography, the web page measurement, the vignette on the quilt by a famend artist and the inexperienced of the letter “which are only found in some plants in the Amazon.” However, the specimens that make up the pattern Clarity, readability! The Magazine of the West and its second interval They are maybe the least widespread of the publication created by José Ortega y Gasset. They are a part of the second interval (1963-1975), overshadowed by the recognition of the primary (1923-1936) and by the fertility of the fourth (1980-present), wherein greater than 500 points have already been printed.

The exhibition, which opened this Monday and can be obtainable till June 29, 2024 on the Ortega-Marañón Foundation in Madrid, involves fill that hole and revalue the second interval of the long-lasting journal, between 1963 and 1975, coinciding with the ultimate stage of the Franco dictatorship. A section that was characterised by connecting with America, publishing texts by authors in exile and being the primary dwelling of established writers earlier than its reputation exploded.

“We made this exhibition so that many people know that the magazine had continuity and also so that they know that it continues to be published,” says curator Juan Claudio de Ramón. He confesses that the primary interval (1923-1936) is the very best recognized for a number of values: “The director was Ortega y Gasset himself, all those who came after are important, but none reach that legendary stature. Furthermore, Spanish culture was going through a splendid moment, there were the artistic avant-garde and discoveries in quantum physics and mechanics.” That iconic first section ended abruptly with the Civil War. Thirty years later – eight for the reason that dying of Ortega y Gasset – the third and final son of the thinker, José Ortega Spottorno, took benefit of the comfort of Franco’s controls to get well the publication in an period wherein 150 points had been printed.

The Fraga Law of 1966, which eradicated prior censorship though sustaining the intervention of texts a posteriori, helped the ship of concepts, literature, artwork and science that was Western Magazine might set sail once more. Although it devoted editions to democratic values, resembling quantity 63 on freedom, and printed texts by exiled writers, the publication didn’t have main issues with the Franco regime. “There is no issue that is an explicit criticism of the Government, because Ortega y Gasset wanted a magazine of thought and dissemination, not of politics,” clarifies De Ramón.

A part of the exhibition that remembers Ortega and Silver Age writers.
Part of the exhibition that remembers Ortega and Silver Age writers.Ortega-Marañon Foundation

After a historic introduction, the exhibition, held throughout the framework of the publication’s centenary, highlights the determine of director Ortega Spottorno. Not solely as a rescuer of Western Magazine, however as one of many pillars of the renaissance of Spanish tradition, as founding father of Alianza Editorial in 1966 and the newspaper EL PAÍS in 1976 and being one of many constituent senators. A 3rd half is devoted to the writers and collaborators of the second interval of the journal, divided into 5 teams: the Ortegianos and masters of the Silver Age; the exiles; the younger individuals who had been debutantes; the Americans; and worldwide ones.

Of the primary group, Miguel de Unamuno, Pío Baroja, Federico García Lorca and Paulino Garagorri stand out, who was editorial secretary of the second interval. While within the exiles part you will discover articles by Rafael Alberti (refugee in Italy), Rosa Chacel (Brazil) or José Gaos (Mexico). In the part of younger debutants, the exhibition boasts that Magazine was the primary home – “Ortega y Gasset insisted on betting on new talents,” emphasizes De Ramón – the place the primary pages of You will return to the area of Juan Benet o The Macanaz course of by Carmen Martín Gaite.

The similar high quality of names is paraded within the American collaborators part. In the early seventies, Mario Vargas Llosa broke down within the pages of Magazine the provocative character of Gustave Flaubert in texts that may later turn into The perpetual orgy. Jorge Luis Borges printed unpublished poems that may find yourself in Praise of the shadow. Victoria Ocampo, whose friendship with Ortega helped the journal cross the Atlantic, Julio Cortázar, Juan Rulfo and Gabriel García Márquez appeared in each the critiques part and the notes and essays part.

Number eight and nine of the second period of 'Revista de Occident' with a cartoon by Antonio Saura.
Number eight and 9 of the second interval of ‘Revista de Occident’ with a cartoon by Antonio Saura.Ortega-Marañon Foundation

The remaining a part of the exhibition makes transient mentions of the opposite durations of the publication. In 1975, Ortega Spottorno determined to open a brand new stage that may introduce modifications in “content and continent.” A brand new design by Reinhard Gäde, additionally chargeable for the structure of EL PAÍS, is used, the dimensions and high quality of the pages is elevated. The price of the product elevated, coinciding with the financial disaster, fueled by oil shortages, and Western Magazine It closed in 1977. Three years later, Ortega y Gasset’s second daughter, Soledad, ventured right into a fourth stage beneath the label of the Ortega-Marañon Foundation, the latest concern of which was launched two weeks in the past.

On the wall that ends the exhibition is hung a portrait of Ortega y Gasset by Ignacio Zuloaga made with graphite. The thinker appears frozen in time. Reflective, along with his hand on his head, he observes how pictures of authors from numerous latitudes who wrote in the identical medium coexist: his concept of ​​cosmopolitan intellectualism has come to life.

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