In Lyon, the reform of the municipal poll raises expectations on the substance, issues in regards to the kind | EUROtoday

Get real time updates directly on you device, subscribe now.

The environmentalist mayor of Lyon, Grégory Doucet, in his office at city hall, June 28, 2021.

Nine municipal districts, six metropolitan districts, 4 legislative districts. The electoral division of the territory of Lyon requires strong arithmetic coaching. Hence the pretty widespread want for a extra readable system. The so-called “PLM” regulation (for Paris, Lyon, Marseille) of 1982 created 9 districts within the capital of Gaul. The municipal election initially designates municipal councilors and a mayor in every district. Secondly, every district sends a portion of its councilors to sit down on the central municipal council, in proportion to its inhabitants. Of the entire 221 municipal councilors within the districts, 73 will thus discover themselves on the central municipal council. And this proceeds to the election of the mayor of Lyon, on the finish of a type of oblique election, by way of the middleman of electors.

Read additionally: Article reserved for our subscribers Paris-Lyon-Marseille: the problems behind a divisive reform of municipal elections

The precept is mentioned. Firstly as a result of it will possibly generate distortions between the entire variety of votes obtained and the ultimate consequence within the central municipal council. The most populous districts mathematically ship a higher variety of councilors to metropolis corridor. A candidate could be elected by this mechanism, with out essentially having a majority of votes in all of the districts.

This case occurred through the first election of Gérard Collomb, in 2001. The socialist candidate had ten thousand votes lower than his divided right-wing opponents, however essentially the most populated districts allowed him to be elected to the council central municipal. On the opposite hand, no dissonance within the election of Grégory Doucet, in 2020, with the victory of environmentalists in seven of the 9 districts, and a majority in votes and in councilors at metropolis corridor.

“Denial of democracy”

“A mayor must embody a city. The system of the “PLM” regulation can generate inequality due to the districts which give numerous municipal councilors”estimates David Kimelfeld, municipal councilor (Progressives and Republicans, ex-Renaissance) and former mayor of 4e district, in favor of a direct vote. Critics of the “PLM” regulation additionally denounce the dearth of energy of district city halls, which lack an funding part. “It’s a denial of democracy. We are reduced to the role of facilitator, without any specific skills to respond concretely to the expectations of our citizens”testifies Pascal Blache, mayor (Les Républicains, LR) of 6e district of Lyon. With a political coloration completely different from that of town mayor, the state of affairs of the district mayor is weakened.

You have 45% of this text left to learn. The relaxation is reserved for subscribers.