The Spanish inventory market closes its greatest yr since 2009 | EUROtoday

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2023 leaves Western inventory markets in an infinitely higher mind-set than after they had been discovered. Twelve months in the past the market set the timer ready for its alarm to go off, like somebody cooking over low warmth, one time after one other till the definitive outbreak of an financial recession. It by no means occurred and there are numerous who’ve as soon as once more prolonged the low cost time to 2024, particularly within the United States. But there’s a sample that repeats itself. In January 2023, as is occurring at present, analysts predict the tip of the escalation of rates of interest and the primary drops within the warmth of a braking of the economies. This is the framework wherein buyers transfer forward of the beginning of the brand new yr, after closing a yr of very giant income for equities.

The Ibex 35 rises 23% in what’s its greatest yr since 2009 and closes above 10,100 factors. In the final session of the yr, the selective index gained 0.16% with Grifols because the main worth. The pharmaceutical firm soared 8.6% after asserting the sale of 20% of its stake (it has 26%) in Shanghai Raas to Haier Group for about 1,628 million euros. The Spanish inventory market tries to scale back the hole open concerning Europe, after a decade wherein it has misplaced its step. The EuroStoxx 50 additionally exhibits an increase of 19% in 2023, however in its case it’s the greatest shut within the final two years. It is similar scenario that the S&P 500 is experiencing with an advance of greater than 23%, thanks primarily to different of the clear protagonists of this train: the magnificent seven (Apple, Amazon, Alphabet, Microsoft, Nvidia, Meta and Tesla), with revaluations that attain 250% within the yr, as is the case of the semiconductor agency. Only between Nvidia and the previous Facebook they contribute 18% of the complete rise in Standard and Poors. The technological Nasdaq 100, by the best way, scores one other yr of unparalleled features, with 53%.

Evolution of the annual Ibex 2023

All over Spain

With the nationwide index again to 2017 ranges, above the spherical determine of 10,000, its sectoral composition has been in favor, for the reason that weight of banking alone accounts for a 3rd of the market and this has been its nice train. Among the six most bullish values ​​are two banks, BBVA, with features of 46%, and Banco Santander, over 35%. The podium is led by Laboratorios Rovi, whose shares have gained 67% since January 1, adopted by Inditex, which has gained 59%, and the development firm ACS, which has risen one other 50%.

He gigante Galician textile, with a capitalization of 123,000 million euros, has been the corporate that has contributed probably the most factors to the index all through this yradopted by the 2 giants banking. Between the three values, they’re chargeable for virtually two thirds of the complete rise of the Ibex within the yr. And that although 2023 has not been freed from market scares. In truth, it has introduced reminiscences of the monetary disaster of 2008 and in addition of the Yom Kippur War precisely half a century in the past.

In March, US retail banks realized a primary lesson in any price hike cycle. Banks such because the bankrupt Silicon Valley Bank invested an extreme quantity – on reflection, it’s straightforward to know – in fastened revenue corresponding to authorities bonds. The drawback is that the speed hike detracts from the worth of those property and the one carried out by the Fed within the final yr and a half has been carried out at an unprecedented velocity. At the time when its purchasers demanded the cash again, SVB was compelled to promote many of those bonds at a loss, to which was added the large withdrawal of deposits by its purchasers, a lot of them startups American applied sciences. a type of playpen.

Every week later, Credit Suisse fell within the Eurozone and the response of all of the authorities concerned was so fast that it didn’t give the market any room to falter. The Swiss entity, which had been struggling the results of dangerous investments for greater than a yr, was awarded to UBS and that was that.

At sector stagel, 2023 has been a yr of purchases for the sector retailexpertise and development. European banks are gone deflating little by little and shut with a 20% common enhance in Europe due to the accolade which has led to the rise in rates of interest within the Eurozone. The European Central Bank (ECB) has raised official charges to traditionally excessive ranges, with the refinancing price at 4.5% and the reference price for deposits at 4%.

Within the banking Stoxx, the Polish subsidiary of Santander leads the features, recording a revaluation of 89%, adopted by the Italian Unicredit, with 85%. The group of the ten largest will increase additionally contains BBVA, with virtually 46%, and the entity chaired by Ana Botón, in eighth place, with 35%. Bankinter, which paid a dividend this Friday (Sabadell additionally did), is likely one of the few entities that closes 2023 in numbers pink. Loses simply over 7.6% within the yr. In the final month, of the 5 most bearish securities available in the market, 4 are banks (Sabadell, Bankinter, Unicaja and CaixaBank) and the opposite is Telefónica, all with drops which can be round or exceed 10%.


Volatility is now not the unique use of inventory markets. Fixed revenue, which is able to devastate portfolios throughout 2022, was set to be its huge second this yr due to the brand new cycle of price will increase opened by central banks. The ten-year Spanish debt closed on Friday with a yield of two.94%. Investors have been looking for refuge in bonds for a few months. This has led to declines in yields throughout all Western debt.

The Spanish debt has gone from reaching a excessive of three.69% within the month of September to the lows on the finish of the yr. The most evident case is that of American debt the place the ten-year bond has plummeted since mid-October when it was shut to five% profitability to three.86% on Friday.


The barrel Brent, a reference in Europe, occupied the main focus of all buyers firstly of autumn when Hamas launched its first assault towards the Israeli inhabitants on October 7. From then on, the escalation of the battle within the Middle East, the place a number of the largest producers of liquid gold on this planet are positioned, corresponding to Iran and Saudi Arabia, additionally led to ideas of rising crude oil costs and there was even speak of ranges of $140, above the highs of the monetary disaster. But nothing might be farther from the reality. Brent closes 2023 with a drop of near 10%, to $77 a barrel.

European pure fuel (TTF), which was an actual headache within the winter of 2022, plummeted by virtually 60% within the yr. And gold has been the nice protagonist of the final a part of the yr. The seek for refuge has led it to rise 13% in 2023 and exceeds $2,000 per ounce.