What can we be taught from the brand new report from the Abbé-Pierre Foundation on poor housing? | EUROtoday

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Lhe disaster of poor housing “is here”. As a preamble to the 29e report on “the state of poor housing in France” from the Abbé-Pierre Foundation, its president, Marie-Hélène Le Nédic, painted the portrait of a “very sick” French society. “The brewing housing crisis will have harsh social repercussions. This warning, whose signals seemed clear, was ignored. » For his part, Tuesday January 30, Prime Minister Gabriel Attal announced during his general policy speech that he wanted to create “a supply shock” to “unlock” the housing sector.

So what shall be celebrated this Thursday 1er February the seventieth anniversary of Abbé Pierre's attraction, the muse calls on the federal government to behave, accusing it of “wait-and-see, even [de] denial, as if he underestimated the extent of the housing needs.” In France, in 2023, 4.2 million people will suffer from poor housing or no personal accommodation, according to the dense 333-page report, which appears Thursday 1er FEBRUARY.

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2023, the yr of an “alarming worsening of the crisis”

“The social housing bomb has exploded,” warns the Abbé-Pierre Foundation, noting that the yr 2023 was marked by an “alarming worsening of the housing crisis, which had nevertheless been announced on all sides for two years”.

In France, practically 15 million persons are affected, immediately or not directly, by the poor housing disaster. This determine contains the 4.2 million people who find themselves poorly housed and the greater than 10 million people who find themselves susceptible to housing issues (extreme monetary effort, gas poverty, average overcrowding, and many others.).

“Most of these figures show a deterioration of the situation,” factors out the report. Among individuals with out private housing, together with the homeless, individuals residing in inns, in makeshift lodging or with third events, there shall be 330,000 homeless individuals in 2023, 3 times greater than in 2001 and twice as many as in 2001. in 2012. In addition, the Abbé-Pierre Foundation has famous an “intolerable” improve within the variety of kids on the road: each night in October 2023, there have been greater than 2,800 unfilled requests for lodging for kids, in comparison with 1,700 in 2022 and 920 in 2020.

READ ALSO Nearly 2,000 kids on the road in France: “The situation is dramatic” “This foreseeable crisis is essential due to its scale and the seriousness of its economic and social consequences which plunge the most vulnerable into an even more difficult situation than a year ago,” writes the Abbé-Pierre Foundation. Women, kids, college students and other people searching for social housing are significantly affected by this disaster. “Despite some government announcements since the fall of 2023, the account is still not there. »

At least 600,000 substandard housing units in France

“Unworthy housing, an eternal return”, writes the muse to introduce its flagship chapter of this 2023 version. “The mere fact that a building presents a risk to health or safety leads to it being qualified as unworthy”, in line with the definition of the National Agency for Housing Information (Anil).

According to the Abbé-Pierre Foundation, there are at the least 600,000 substandard housing models in France, whereas the State lists 400,000. Former working-class cities affected by deindustrialization and the facilities of medium-sized cities are significantly confronted with deterioration. housing.

But which populations are affected by these unworthy habitats? The report attracts profiles. First, “anchored” owner-occupiers, typically with long-standing conditions affecting aged individuals and modest staff, together with farmers. Second, “failed buyers”, notably younger {couples} who’ve underestimated the price of work or upkeep expenses. Then come tenants who’re victims of “unscrupulous” landlords, households who, “for lack of an alternative, rent degraded or even unsanitary housing”. Finally, conditions of neglect in housing, with populations in psychological struggling presenting hygiene deficiencies.

To assist them, the Abbé-Pierre Foundation notably recommends higher authorized and administrative assist, which “is not mobilized frequently enough by public authorities”.

The “sudden drop” in entry to HLM

Thus, the group is asking on the federal government on the situations of entry to housing, significantly HLM. “Those who have less than 500 euros per month will see their success rate drop from 22% in 2017 to 12% in 2022.” The chances of integrating one of these housing have additionally not elevated in 5 years for individuals with out a private residence. This is available in explicit from the truth that HLM manufacturing has fallen in recent times. However, as the muse notes, 2.4 million households are ready for social housing, “a figure that has been increasing rapidly in recent years”.

READ ALSO Housing in Montpellier: the massive mobilizationFaced with this statement, the Prime Minister introduced on Tuesday January 30 a “very long-term loan of 2 billion euros” to speed up the creation of social housing. But above all he expressed his want to revise the SRU legislation in municipalities in city areas to recalculate the quota of social housing within the communities. “As you know, by 2025, all municipalities subject to the SRU law must have at least a quarter of social housing on their territory. We will propose to add partly intermediate housing, accessible to the middle class, in this calculation,” declared Gabriel Attal.

“It is scandalous to include in the quotas of the SRU law intermediate rental housing which is intended rather for the middle classes, or even the upper middle classes,” reacted to Agence France-Presse Manuel Domergue, director of research of the Abbé-Pierre Foundation, following the speech by the top of presidency. “There was already not enough social housing and here we are going to give the opportunity to mayors who do not want to welcome poor people into their territory to welcome executives instead,” added Manuel Domergue.

More than one in 4 households have been chilly in 2023

Poor housing additionally entails vitality poverty. In 2023, whereas electrical energy costs will improve on Thursday 1er February by 8.6% for the bottom price and 9.8% for the “peak-off-peak” price, 26% of households have been chilly at residence in 2023, in comparison with 14% in 2020. The variety of Interventions for unpaid electrical energy payments additionally jumped: 767,000 in 2022, in comparison with 553,000 in 2019.

“There is very little aid for renewed or increased energy bills in 2023. There was no exceptional energy check, so this is a warning signal, energy poverty continues to increase” , lamented Maïder Olivier, in command of advocacy on the Abbé-Pierre Foundation, to BFMTV. The Abbé-Pierre Foundation demanded, even earlier than the announcement of the rise in vitality costs, a tripling of the vitality test.

Airbnb within the basis’s sights

The present disaster of poor housing goes hand in hand with that of actual property. The Abbé-Pierre Foundation assaults rental platforms resembling Airbnb, designating them as amongst these liable for the housing and actual property crises: “Short-term tourist rentals rented on platforms such as Airbnb continue to develop in France , taking advantage of existing tax loopholes, driving up prices and limiting long-term rental supply. » In the meantime, this Monday, January 29, the National Assembly adopted a bill in favor of increasing the taxation of tourist rentals, in particular by attacking tax loopholes.

The “systemic” actual property disaster is “unprecedented”, affecting “all spheres of housing at the same time, with unprecedented force and speed”. The causes for the present scenario are a number of, in line with the muse: development has stalled, modest consumers are now not in a position to purchase, banks lend much less, tenants can now not discover something to lease at inexpensive costs, social housing is saturated and the checklist of candidates is rising.

Faced with this nationwide disaster, Gabriel Attal has already introduced that he needs to “requisition empty buildings”, together with workplaces. The goal of this measure: “30,000 new housing units within 3 years”. In Île-de-France, vacant workplaces symbolize in floor space the equal of “60 empty La Défense arches around Paris”, in line with Alexandre Labasse, common director of the Atelier parisien d’urbanisme. This invoice shall be examined within the National Assembly from Wednesday January 31.

“My friends, help”

To stem this phenomenon of poor housing, the Abbé-Pierre Foundation is formulating to the federal government an extended checklist of actions to be carried out, resembling, specifically, the relaunch of financing for social housing, the revaluation of APLs, the rise in social minimums or additional generalization of lease management.

Seventy years after Abbé Pierre's attraction, “my friends, help”, the Abbé-Pierre Foundation assaults the federal government's coverage which will increase inequalities and requires redistribution measures “to reach decreasing the poor housing, which displays not solely a scarcity of housing but in addition and above all their unequal distribution.