Gironde is experimenting with specific buses “so that residents can let go of their cars” | EUROtoday
En Gironde, an specific coach has made it potential to scale back the automobile dependence of residents of the better Bordeaux suburbs, at a price a lot decrease than that of a prepare. An easy-to-implement resolution that might be generalized, offered that obstacles are eliminated to ensure clean site visitors. The foremost problem is to ensure reserved lanes, together with on motorways, whereas the State will not be a driving power on the topic. Towards the automobile revolution?
The 64 seats on bus 407 heading to Créon should not all occupied in the course of a freezing afternoon originally of January, however the seats are filling up repeatedly. At every cease, boarding passengers validate their subscription with the assured gesture of those that do it every single day.
Some alternate just a few phrases with the motive force, like regulars. Beyond the exercise zones on the jap outskirts of the Bordeaux metropolis, properties change into rarer. The bus takes its cruising pace by driving on a lane reserved for it. Users go to sleep or watch a sequence on their cellphone.
This is the case of Océane, a second-year psychology scholar on the Victoire campus in Bordeaux, who lives together with her mother and father in Sadirac, a small city situated about twenty kilometers from the Bordeaux metropolis. “I take this line every day to go to college. The journey takes between thirty and forty minutes, a little longer when there are traffic jams, but it's quicker and more relaxing than if I were driving,” confides Océane, having paused her sequence on her cellphone.
Previously, the younger girl took line 404, one other regional bus line, which additionally connects the jap outskirts of Bordeaux to the metropolis, however which serves all of the municipalities on its route. “The journey took an hour or more. The bus took detours in the countryside. What's good about line 407 is that it takes the same route that I would take if I took my car,” rejoices the scholar.
READ ALSO Parisian transport: fed upBecause line 407 will not be an atypical line. It was created, experimentally, by the Nouvelle-Aquitaine area in 2019. The aim: to supply a daily connection, with an prolonged timetable and aggressive journey occasions between Créon, a small city of slightly below 5 000 inhabitants situated in Entre-deux-Mers, whose inhabitants has greater than doubled since 1975 because of peri-urbanization, and the Bordeaux metropolis, the place we discover companies and jobs.
“Punctual, fast, practical and inexpensive”
If the thought of creating “express coach” strains, to serve areas the place trains don’t go, germinated in 2017, the Yellow Vest disaster gave it new urgency. “At that time, when I interacted with the inhabitants of distant territories, poorly connected by transport, such as Blayais or Entre-deux-Mers, I realized their extremely high dependence on the automobile , to their vulnerability to the cost of energy and especially to congestion on the Bordeaux ring road,” recollects Alain Rousset, president of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine area.
The institution of line 407 responds to an crucial: to scale back vehicle stress in these areas the place city public transport – tram or bus – doesn’t go, however that are depending on the neighboring metropolis.
“So that residents leave their cars and take the bus [c’est ce qu’on appelle dans le jargon le report modal, NDLR]several conditions are necessary: a regular, punctual, fast, practical and inexpensive line,” continues Alain Rousset.
Line 407 affords thirty day by day spherical journeys between Créon and Bordeaux, from 6 a.m. to 10 p.m., in comparison with barely seven for the 404, the traditional line that Océane beforehand took. The reserved lanes enable it to keep away from, at the very least partly, the site visitors jams of the Bordeaux metropolis. Timetables are scheduled to the quarter of an hour, in the course of the morning rush hour, to the half hour for the night rush, to the hour throughout off-peak hours.
A “clash of offers” of public transport
And it really works. Ridership on line 407 has continued to develop since its creation. “The number of users has doubled since 2019 and this increase is largely among working people”, a public who primarily used their automobile earlier than, notes the city planning company of the Bordeaux area in a research printed in 2022. If, in 2019, the road had 92,000 passengers, there can be 195,000 in 2022, and greater than 200,000 in 2023. Of these, a couple of in two owns a automobile.
READ ALSO SNCF and RATP: methods to clarify the massive mess? “The increase in the cost of gasoline has had a considerable impact on attendance,” acknowledges the president of the area, who’s happy to supply a low-cost resolution to residents dwelling outdoors the Bordeaux metropolis for his or her mobility. The specific coach recipe has been so profitable that the Nouvelle-Aquitaine area has simply inaugurated a second line, between Blaye and Bordeaux, as a part of the institution of a metropolitan RER service. Which ought to be generalized in France after the funding bulletins (to the tune of 700 million euros) by the Élysée final September.
“For half the cost of operating a train line, you will have a coach frequency four times greater,” argues Édouard Hainaut, normal supervisor for France of Transdev, which operates line 407 through its subsidiary Citram. For his half, it’s the duty of public authorities to create a “shock of offers” of public transport within the outskirts of metropolises, with the intention to open up a inhabitants captive to its vehicle and the prices related to it.
“Communities have worked a lot on the centers of metropolises, with the rebirth of the tramway over the past twenty years. Now it makes sense to look to the outskirts, providing a high level of service. » Édouard Hainaut supports communities in setting up express services.
He emphasizes, to the Point, the importance of not multiplying stops to offer attractive journey times. These lines should multiply according to him, both on the outskirts of large cities, such as in Île-de-France, and between modest towns, such as between Cherbourg and Rennes.
Difficult reserved lanes
These coach services will find their audience provided they offer high commercial speeds, which requires providing reserved lanes along their route. An option which constitutes an “ideal scenario”, in line with Édouard Hainaut, as a result of it makes it potential to safe journey occasions, however which has a price.
The Nouvelle-Aquitaine area want to improve the variety of specific coaches round Bordeaux, a 14 million euro venture for 3 new strains – the developments of that are carried out by the division. “Without forgetting 1.4 million euros of operation per line, covered by the region, the metropolis and the joint transport union,” recollects the president of the area.
READ ALSO Austria: a tattoo for a 12 months of free transportThe truth stays that it’s typically unattainable to arrange these reserved lanes. Between Bordeaux and Blaye, the brand new 430 specific coach line ought to profit from a reserved lane on the A10 and on the Aquitaine bridge, a black spot in Gironde site visitors, however not instantly.
“It’s necessary to make travel times more viable. Unfortunately, on a highway, it is extremely complicated. We have to deal with Vinci, the delegatee of the infrastructure, as well as the State, which wants to do everything but which does not have the means,” regrets Alain Rousset, who hopes to see buses go on the freeway (full ideally) inside a most of 5 years.
For Alain Richner, vice-president of the National Federation of Transport User Associations accountable for city mobility, the primary topic stays that of congestion: “The best advertising for public transport is when a coach overtakes you then that you are stuck in traffic. »
For this association manager, France remains far behind in the development of road transport, particularly in rural areas. “In Austria, in the very rural region of Bregenzerwald, the public authorities have succeeded in creating an attractive coach network,” underlines Alain Richner.
The twenty bus strains run there from 7 a.m. to eight p.m., together with weekends, are on time, connections between strains are assured, fares are low and the design of the stops is cautious. By following this instance, it could be potential to free peripheral and rural areas from dependence on the person automobile. We nonetheless must have the political will.