Why is Chinese New Year or Lunar New Year not on January 1st? | EUROtoday
En China, but in addition in different Asian nations resembling Singapore, South Korea, Vietnam, Indonesia or Malaysia, the brand new yr doesn’t begin on the 1er January. Indeed, their calendar is completely different from the one we use.
Our Gregorian calendar follows the cycle of the Earth across the Sun, in three hundred and sixty five days; that's why our New Year is on a set date. The Chinese calendar is lunisolar. That is to say, it’s based mostly each on the actions of the Earth across the Sun and on the cycles of the Moon to rely the months and to set the dates of festivals and essential occasions. It subsequently follows the phases of the Moon and the months are based mostly on lunar cycles. Then, days are added to the ultimate calculation in order that the photo voltaic months and lunar months coincide.
The conventional Chinese New Year meal
To know the date of the New Year, China makes use of the lunar calendar, which follows the phases of the Moon. Thus, every lunar month begins on the new Moon and lasts roughly 29.5 days. The first day of the primary month of the lunar calendar is subsequently the Chinese New Year, additionally referred to as the Spring Festival or Lunar New Year. The date is completely different every year, however is all the time between January 21 and February 19. This yr 2024, the New Year is well known on February 10 and it will likely be the yr of the dragon.
Indeed, on this calendar, an animal of the zodiac is related to every year. And there are 12 of them. These animals are rat, ox, tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake, horse, goat, monkey, rooster, canine and pig. These similar animals return each twelve years – the subsequent yr of the dragon (animal thought of probably the most highly effective of the twelve indicators of the zodiac) will subsequently be celebrated in 2036.
To have fun the New Year, the Chinese prefer to share a meal with their household. The dishes are quite a few, range from one area to a different and sometimes have a symbolic that means – to carry luck or well being for instance. Among the standard dishes, there are:
Ravioli or “jiaozi” typically filled with greens, meat or seafood. They are historically ready as a household. Their moon form evokes Chinese ingots, symbolizing wealth.
Noodles, image of longevity. The longer they’re, the longer it’s stated that the folks invited will dwell.
A fish served complete, which represents abundance – it’s pronounced “yu” just like the phrase that means “surplus”. This implies that folks won’t lack something through the yr.
Chicken, image of household unity; duck, for well being.
Nian gao, a sticky rice cake, an indication of prosperity.
Round, golden fruits, like oranges or tangerines, which symbolize luck.
READ ALSO Why can we make good resolutions firstly of the yr? In China, the meal doesn’t happen in an outlined order, with starter, major course then dessert. All the dishes are positioned on the desk, typically on a rotating tray, and every visitor serves themselves as they need. Everyone additionally has a bowl of rice.
During the Spring Festival, which lasts for about two weeks, folks get pleasure from setting off firecrackers, watching fireworks or dragon dances, strolling in parks or taking part in household video games like mah -jong. And we provide and we obtain crimson envelopes referred to as hong baowhich comprise cash.
The Spring Festival is a very powerful of the yr. It ends on the fifteenth day of the primary month of the lunar calendar with the Lantern Festival. That night, we’ll admire lanterns of assorted colours and shapes and we eat candy rice balls referred to as tangyuan.
* Nathalie Louisgrand, teacher-researcher, Grenoble School of Management (GEM).