Book explores authorized potential of ChatGPT | EUROtoday

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“PTo silence rumors about her incompetence and intellectual mediocrity, I decided to write a joint book with her. » “She” is ChatGPT, the revolutionary AI able to producing content material (texts, pictures, sounds) in response to “commands” (or prompts). He is Me Alain Bensoussan, key determine in superior expertise legislation, ardent defender of the “legal personality” of the robotic.

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The wager was daring: the lawyer handed the pen to his “virtual machine tool” to co-write a 752-page guide* through which he demonstrates, with supporting illustrations, that ChatGPT is able to producing not less than 20 to 30 % of the lawyer's day by day work. “ChatGPT wrote 400 pages out of 750, as well as the preface and the conclusion, and I did not change a word of his prose,” he explains. When I requested him to create a desk of contents in 19 chapters, detailing 4 factors per chapter, and giving an instance, it took him three seconds! The AI ​​would have saved me months of labor if I had consulted it earlier. »

AI “has no logic and doesn’t think”

This guide within the type of a problem sweeps away all preconceived concepts. Starting with the one based on which ChatGPT is barely a authorized parrot, incapable of manufacturing a pleading file or a lawyer session worthy of the identify, due to its “defects” – biases, errors, approximations, hallucinations, and many others. In actuality, argues the lawyer, “we are targeting the wrong target. You should not expect a 100% result from a prompt. We must aim for the threshold of 20 to 30%. By refining your prompts, changing the style, detailing a point, you go from a draft to an increasingly argued text, until you reach 50 to 80% of the work, and this, in a few minutes. But be careful, the AI ​​is lazy, it has no logic and does not think,” he warns.

In follow, any recurring authorized service such because the drafting of a abstract notice, a compliance program for a corporation, a patent venture, a summons earlier than the courtroom or conclusions in protection “can be done in a few seconds,” assures Me Bensoussan. This is what he calls “legal cobotics”, in different phrases “the close and harmonious collaboration between humans and these new virtual entities that are the great language models”.

Thus, analyzes the lawyer, “the deliverable” or “the intellectual piece” is produced from an order, like blue-collar staff who function a numerically managed machine to acquire a bodily half. “Before, legal professionals provided a service; from now on, they order it by machine. This is where this third digital revolution (after those of IT and the Internet) introduces a real breakthrough. »

The client and their first level work

At the firm, since September 2023, all lawyers have used ChatGPT on a daily basis, thanks to the “in-house” know-how through which they’ve been educated. Especially since controlling the machine, questioning it, restarting it, correcting it, optimizing its outcomes, it's an artwork. “The prompt is to the archer what ChatGPT is to the violin,” metaphorizes Me Bensoussan. Enough to place authorized professionals up in opposition to the wall. “ChatGPT democratizes the practical application of legal knowledge. Between 15 and 20% of the first level work can now be done by the client. »

Thus, in a few steps and a little method, an employee is able to generate his harassment file by attaching the state of law and case law, a company victim of the theft of a customer file can obtain a draft complaint criminal, the lessor of commercial premises can produce a tailor-made contract, etc.

Will the lawyer have to reinvent himself? “In a way, by honing his qualities as a virtuoso of strategy and innovation. The more he demonstrates emotional intelligence in understanding the situation, the more technical intelligence will be at his service, whatever the size and specialty of his firm,” predicts Alain Bensoussan. Promising.

*ChatGPT on the planet of legislation, authorized cobotics (Bruylant), January 2024.