Some Taliban fighters discover courses, automobiles and metropolis life in Kabul engaging | EUROtoday

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KABUL — More than two years after Taliban fighters streamed into the Afghan capital, seizing energy right here and vowing to cleanse the nation of Western decadence, a lot of them have come to embrace the advantages of city life.

Some spend their weekends within the metropolis’s theme parks. Some watch cricket matches on giant out of doors screens. Others are filling their Facebook pages with skyline selfies or shopping for self-help books revealed within the West. Most mornings, Kabul’s English colleges are crowded with Taliban troopers and staff in camouflage jackets, who seem as keen as different college students to review overseas.

As the Taliban continues to alter Kabul, some right here have began to marvel if town may additionally have begun to remake the Taliban.

“In many ways, they’ve been transformed,” stated Abdulrahman Rahmani, 50, a former fighter who helped the Taliban conquer Kabul in 1996 after which once more in 2021, talking throughout a latest go to to Kabul’s zoo to see the lions.

Some of the Taliban fighters now remorse the fabric success they sacrificed to wage their armed marketing campaign. Just the opposite day, Rahmani recalled, one other Taliban soldier informed him he was unhappy as a result of he and his brother had given up their education. “If we had studied, we’d be sitting in offices now,” he informed Rahmani.

There aren’t any indicators that these modifications have resulted in a softening of the Taliban’s repressive insurance policies, specifically the marketing campaign in opposition to girls’s rights. And little question, for most of the fighters who in 2021 sped into the Afghan capital on the backs of pickup vehicles, this metropolis of about 5 million individuals is a disappointment. They say city life is lonelier, extra nerve-racking and fewer spiritual than that they had imagined.

Some of the Taliban fighters had grown up right here earlier than departing for rural Afghanistan to hitch the insurgency. Others by no means left and supported the Taliban as informants. But for a lot of the males who overtook the Afghan capital, town’s brilliant lights have been unfamiliar, and Kabul posed a problem filled with seductions.

Land Cruisers and pc courses

Rahmani goals that at some point Kabul will develop into the Afghan equal of Dubai, the glitzy industrial hub within the United Arab Emirates. “Once the economic problems are solved, things will change massively,” he stated.

Some Taliban members are already creating costly style. While officers within the new authorities initially went searching for motorbikes, they’re now more and more concerned with shiny Land Cruisers, distributors say.

City life already seems to have left a mark on Taliban soldier Abdul Mobin Mansor, 19, and his comrades. They agree that dependable web entry, for one, is of accelerating significance to them.

They say they’ve gotten hooked on a number of tv collection which are greatest consumed in excessive definition. Their favorites are Turkish crime drama “Valley of the Wolves” and “Jumong,” a South Korean historic collection a couple of prince who should conquer far-flung lands.

Mansor stated he nonetheless prefers the countryside, the place he would possibly finally return. “But I very much hope that there will be electricity and other modern facilities by then,” he stated.

Some troopers, like Hassam Khan, 35, say they’ll hardly think about having to maneuver again. Khan stated he initially struggled to adapt to town. He stated he felt that Kabul residents feared him, and his eyes harm when he stared at a pc for too lengthy. But entry to electrical energy, water, English courses and pc science classes have modified his thoughts. “I like this life,” he stated.

Some Afghans who had opposed the Taliban takeover say they’ve observed a distinction, too. Tariq Ahmad Amarkhail, a 20-year-old glasses vendor, stated he has a rising feeling that the Taliban “is trying to adopt our lifestyle.”

“They came from the mountains, couldn’t understand our language and didn’t know anything about our culture,” stated Amarkhail.

When they arrived, he stated, they condemned denims and different Western garments and destroyed musical devices. But when Amarkhail and his mates just lately drove as much as safety checkpoints with music taking part in contained in the automobiles, Taliban troopers merely waved them via, he stated. While Western civilian garments have develop into a uncommon sight on Kabul’s streets, some residents have been stunned to see the Taliban embrace army uniforms that bear putting similarities with these worn by their former enemies.

In interviews, over half a dozen youthful and older regime staff cited entry to schooling as a major reward for his or her struggles. “When we conquered Kabul, we vowed to become a better version of ourselves,” stated Laal Mohammad Zakir, 25, a Taliban sympathizer who grew to become a Finance Ministry worker. He stated he had signed up for an intensive English course to have the ability to research overseas at some point.

Not all are tempted by the massive metropolis.

Zabihullah Misbah and his pal Ahmadzai Fatih, each 25, have been among the many first fighters to hurry into Kabul in 2021. Misbah nonetheless primarily associates Kabul with “bad things” corresponding to adultery. “You’re more connected to God when you’re in the village,” he stated. With fewer distractions there, “one is mostly busy with praying.”

Social bonds in villages are tighter, Misbah stated, and life there feels much less lonely.

“When you pursue jihad, it puts you at ease,” stated Fatih. “But when we arrived here, we could not find peace.”

While many Afghans fled Kabul through the Taliban takeover, it has turned again into the congested capital it as soon as was. It can take hours to cross the smoggy metropolis from one facet to the opposite.

Mansor and his mates acknowledged that the poisonous air and the separation from their households in rural Afghanistan are making them rethink metropolis life. “Those who brought their families here are happier than we are,” stated Mansor, who has but to discover a spouse. Rent within the metropolis is pricey and residences too small, he stated.

When the Taliban’s troopers want an escape, they climb a hill within the middle of Kabul, the place the brand new regime has put in a huge Islamic Emirate flag, or they head to the Qargha Reservoir on town’s outskirts, the place they snack on pistachios of their pickup vehicles.

As Afghan colleges stay closed for ladies, psychological well being disaster builds

Looking for indicators of moderation

Kabul residents who fearfully watched the Taliban arrive in 2021 stated they hope that the variety of former fighters who’re embracing big-city life will outweigh those that are repulsed by it and the Taliban will develop into extra reasonable.

Many girls say they haven’t observed such an evolution. Universities stay closed to them, and women above grade six are barred from faculty. From the secluded metropolis of Kandahar, the Taliban’s high management has turned Afghanistan into the world’s most repressive nation for ladies, the United Nations says.

“The Taliban won’t change,” stated Roqya, 25. Sales in her girls’s clothes market stall dropped abruptly final month after the Taliban-run Ministry of Vice and Virtue quickly detained girls over costume code violations, she stated.

“None of the girls dared to go outside alone anymore,” stated Roqya, who accomplished a bachelor’s diploma in physics simply earlier than the takeover. When nobody is wanting, she nonetheless reads science books behind her counter.

Glitzy plans for the capital

The Taliban has large plans for postwar reconstruction, however restrictions on girls might develop into the first impediment. Many international donors have deserted the nation in protest through the previous 2½ years. Private buyers stay scarce.

As Afghan financial system struggles, Taliban more and more appears to go it alone

Could the lure of high-priced skyscrapers, imposing new mosques and pothole-free roads finally push the Taliban to compromise, as some Afghans hope?

In latest months, the Taliban has moved forward with plans to renew work on a mannequin metropolis on the outskirts of Kabul, which was first conceived greater than a decade in the past underneath the earlier U.S.-backed authorities however was by no means constructed.

“We will name it Kabul New City,” stated Hamdullah Nomani, the Taliban-run authorities’s minister of city growth.

Construction govt Moqadam Amin, 57, stated early discussions between his firm and the brand new authorities prompt that the Taliban needed a much less bold challenge with lower-cost housing choices. But the Taliban now seems to have thrown its backing behind the glitzy authentic plans, which envision the development of high-rise buildings, colleges, universities, swimming pools, parks and purchasing malls.

If Kabul’s “New City” is ever completed, its development might take many years. For now, the designated property is accessible solely on makeshift roads, lined by brick-stone factories and lone actual property brokers who sit on carpets within the sand.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2024/02/19/afghanistan-taliban-kabul-city-life/