Chilean justice reopens the 'Neruda case', orders an investigation of an Army physician and asks to evaluation the report on the poet's demise | EUROtoday

Get real time updates directly on you device, subscribe now.

A chamber of the Court of Appeals of Santiago has unanimously resolved this Tuesday to reopen the investigation into the circumstances of the demise of the Chilean poet Pablo Neruda, who died on the Santa María Clinic, within the municipality of Providencia, on September 23, 1973. , 12 days after the coup d'état by Augusto Pinochet (1973-1990) that overthrew the socialist president Salvador Allende (1970-1973). The abstract of the case, open for nearly 13 years to find out whether or not the demise was on account of pure causes, prostate most cancers with metastasis, or poisoning, was closed on September 25, 2023 by Judge Paola Plaza, who thought-about all of the proceedings concluded. and selected to not concern prosecutions.

However, judges Martiza Villandangos, Elsa Barrientos and Jorge Gómez have thought-about that the investigation shouldn’t be exhausted and have ordered the finishing up of seven procedures “that could contribute to clarifying the facts,” based on the ruling. Among them, a calligraphic examination of the poet's demise certificates; the belief of a metapericia o new skilled opinion that critiques the conclusions of the panel of specialists from the schools of McMaster and Copenhagen who participated within the case; and the interrogation of physician and retired Army officer Arriagada Rehren, who was convicted in 2021 of the homicide of radio host and communist sympathizer Archivaldo Morales—he was injected with a dipyridamole compound to trigger a coronary heart assault. In addition, it was decreed that the Investigative Police perform an age regression skilled report on Arriagada to determine what he was like in 1973.

The Nobel Prize winner, whose actual identify was Neftalí Reyes, suffered from metastatic prostate most cancers, which was the official explanation for his demise for 38 years, however in 2011 his former driver, Manuel Araya, who died in June 2023, stated in a interview with the Mexican journal Process who had been killed by deadly injection on the clinic. That 12 months, the Communist Party (PC), through which the poet was lively, filed a criticism that led to an investigation that was open for 13 years, and it was the identical get together, along with the lawyer Elisabeth Flores and Rodolfo Reyes, nephew of the poet. author, who requested the Court to reopen the case, which has been granted after the arguments that had been made on Monday.

Three scientific panels have participated within the case, which have reached divergent conclusions: the primary, with forensic specialists from the Chilean Legal Medical Service (SML), confirmed in 2013 that the reason for Neruda's demise was most cancers with metastasis. In 2017, worldwide specialists discovered, after an skilled take a look at on one of many poet's molars, a poisonous substance, Clostridium botulinum, nevertheless it was not decided the way it obtained to his physique. Likewise, the specialists questioned the demise certificates, which signifies “cancerous cachexia” as the reason for demise, which implied that the author will need to have been extraordinarily malnourished, however a take a look at of his belt confirmed that the mark the place he mounted it corresponded to an individual weighing about 90 kilos.

In February 2023, a 3rd panel of specialists concluded, as PC lawyer Manuel Luna instructed EL PAÍS, that the pressure of Clostridium botulinum present in Neruda's physique “belonged to the Alaska E43 bacteria, the most deadly of this type,” and it was decided that “it was due to an endogenous cause, that is, it was in Neruda's body before he died.” However, he specified that since this single antecedent “does not allow, from a technical-scientific basis, to affirm that he was murdered,” they requested the Court for a meta-expertise, which was accepted.

Calligraphic experience and new interrogation

In the case of the poet's demise certificates, the plaintiffs have questioned, along with the reason for demise, most cancers cachexia, the handwriting, which accommodates totally different handwritten letters. Although skilled experiences had already been carried out on this regard, they insisted earlier than the superior court docket on new exams, particularly on the signature that was stamped on the official doc in 1973, that of Neruda's treating physician, Roberto Vargas Salazar.

In the certificates, as an alternative of Salazar, it says Zalazar, which was questioned by the complainants. The Court has granted the brand new skilled opinion, even though within the investigation, which two judges, Mario Carroza and Paola Plaza, have gone by means of, they’d realized that the physician used to signal his final identify in each methods.

Regarding Arriagada Hostage, though he had already testified within the case, he’ll now be summoned once more. According to lawyer Manuel Luna, his identify was talked about by a nurse on the Santa María Clinic. Regarding him, the Court of Appeals has ordered that he be questioned “about his intelligence work based on the Clostridium botulinum and the identical events for which he was convicted regarding the victim Archivaldo Morales Villanueva are explained to him.” In addition, the judges requested the Human Rights Brigade of the Investigative Police to hold out an evaluation of the entire file of the homicide of the announcer “in order to establish if there are similarities” between the occasions that gave rise to the homicide. Neruda case.

The medical doctors who had been on the Santa María Clinic when Neruda died stays one of many nice mysteries of the case. The one that raised these suspicions was Sergio Draper, who died in 2022. He was the skilled who stated, earlier than Judge Carroza, that he handed over the shift to a different physician, whom he had not seen earlier than, and who he recognized as a sure “Dr. Price” or Prize. He identified that he was tall, blonde and white-skinned.

With this information from Draper, in 2013 the police ready a robotic portrait. Furthermore, a search was began that gave no outcomes, since neither within the clinic nor within the Medical College of Chile nor within the nation's medical faculties was anybody discovered with that identify or surname.

After the reopening of Neruda casethe Court of Appeals additionally ordered different proceedings: the interrogation of Peter Kornbluh, director of the Chilean Documentation Project and an analyst specialised in Chile on the US National Security Archive, primarily based at George Washington University, who has been analyzing the paperwork for years. declassified experiences on the interference of the United States within the overthrow of Allende's socialist authorities and its help for the Pinochet dictatorship.

Subscribe right here to the EL PAÍS Chile e-newsletter and obtain all the important thing data on present occasions within the nation.