ICJ hearings on Israel’s occupation of Palestinian land: Day 3 | EUROtoday

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The International Court of Justice, also called the World Court, is holding the third day of hearings Wednesday on the authorized penalties of Israel’s insurance policies and practices “in the Occupied Palestinian Territory.” Dozens of nations are anticipated to current oral arguments throughout the hearings, which span six days and take care of questions of Israeli management over the West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip. While the proceedings should not instantly concerning the battle in Gaza, they may intensify stress on Israel over its navy marketing campaign there.

Palestinian officers provided impassioned remarks on Monday, with one arguing that “successive Israeli governments have given the Palestinian people only three options: displacement, subjugation or death.” Israel stated it doesn’t acknowledge the legitimacy of the hearings and won’t attend. The United States is slated to talk Wednesday.

What are the hearings about?

The hearings are available in response to a 2022 decision from the U.N. General Assembly. They will take a look at the authorized penalties of what the doc calls Israel’s “ongoing violation” of the Palestinian individuals’s proper to self-determination; its “prolonged occupation, settlement and annexation” of Palestinian territories; and Israel’s “adoption of related discriminatory legislation and measures.”

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s workplace stated in a assertion on social media that the hearings infringe on “Israel’s right to defend itself against existential threats.”

Human rights teams preserve that the Palestinian territories — the West Bank, East Jerusalem and Gaza — have been occupied by Israel since 1967, in what Amnesty International calls “the longest and one of the most deadly military occupations in the world.”

Israel has argued that it doesn’t “occupy” the Gaza Strip after it withdrew and ceded management there in 2005. However, human rights teams say it has stored management over the territory in different methods, similar to by way of a blockade imposed when the militant group Hamas took energy in 2007.

An estimated 700,000 Israelis live within the West Bank in settlements which are thought-about unlawful by the worldwide neighborhood and which have been expanded beneath Netanyahu. This month, the Biden administration sanctioned Israeli settlers accused of assaults within the West Bank, the place Palestinians have confronted report ranges of violence since Hamas’s Oct. 7 assault on Israel. Human rights teams say Palestinians residing there are topic to extreme pressure, arbitrary detentions, land grabs and mass surveillance, amongst different rights violations.

The world confronts Israel over its occupation of Palestinian lands

On Monday, Palestinian officers known as on the court docket to rule that Israeli occupation is unlawful.

Riyad Mansour, the Palestinian envoy to the United Nations, choked again tears whereas urging the court docket “to guide the international community in upholding international law, ending injustice and achieving a just and lasting peace” and shifting towards “a future in which Palestinian children are treated as children, not as a demographic threat.”

Riyad Mansour, the Palestinian envoy to the United Nations, was moved to tears Feb. 19 throughout the ICJ’s listening to on Israel’s occupation of Palestinian territory. (Video: Reuters)

Palestinian Foreign Minister Riyadh al-Maliki stated his individuals “have endured both colonialism and apartheid” for many years. “There are those who are outraged by the use of these words,” he stated. “They should instead be outraged by the reality we are living.”

Ten nations’ representatives spoke on Tuesday, together with these from Saudi Arabia, Belgium, Bangladesh and South Africa, which is main a separate case within the ICJ alleging that Israel has dedicated genocide in Gaza. Israel has denied these claims.

South Africa’s ambassador to the Netherlands, Vusimuzi Madonsela, accused Israel of perpetuating a “more extreme form” of apartheid than the one that after existed in his nation. He stated throughout South Africa’s presentation to the court docket that Israel “discriminates against and fragments all Palestinian people to ensure the maintenance of Israeli Jewish domination.”

Saudi Arabia’s envoy echoed South Africa’s considerations: “There can be no serious debate that Israeli policies and practices also amount to racial discrimination and are tantamount to apartheid, in grave violation of the Palestinian people’s human rights.”

The Bangladeshi consultant related the hearings to the battle in Gaza, arguing that “dismantling of this occupation would … address the root cause of Israel’s violent subjugation of the Palestinian people.”

Which nations are scheduled to talk subsequent?

On Wednesday, representatives from 11 nations, together with the United States, Egypt, France, Russia and the United Arab Emirates, are scheduled to talk. (The full lineup is right here.)

About 50 states — in addition to the African Union, the Arab League and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation — are anticipated to take part over the course of the hearings.

In 2022, the United States opposed the court docket issuing an opinion on the occupation, calling it “counterproductive,” Reuters reported, and it’s anticipated to argue equally on Wednesday.

Why is Israel being accused of apartheid?

The time period “apartheid” refers to an institutionalized regime of systematic oppression and domination of 1 racial group over one other for sustaining management, in response to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, beneath which apartheid is taken into account a criminal offense in opposition to humanity.

Apartheid was initially used to check with the White South African authorities’s racial segregation and political and financial discrimination of the nation’s majority non-White inhabitants. It led to 1994.

Namira Negm, talking as a part of the Palestinian delegation, advised the ICJ that Israel’s insurance policies and practices meet the evidentiary normal for the existence of apartheid.

In 2022, Amnesty International stated in a report that Israel’s insurance policies of “territorial fragmentation, segregation and control, dispossession of land and property, and denial of economic and social rights” quantity to “apartheid,” a cost rejected by Israel.

“Israel isn’t perfect, but we are a democracy committed to international law, open to criticism, with a free press and a strong and independent judicial system,” then-Israeli Foreign Minister Yair Lapid stated earlier than the report’s launch.

In 2021, a Human Rights Watch report accused Israeli authorities of “committing the crimes against humanity of apartheid and persecution,” saying they’ve “dispossessed, confined, forcibly separated, and subjugated Palestinians by virtue of their identity.”

In response, Israeli officers advised The Washington Post that the report is “filled with lies.”

What are the implications of the hearings?

They are anticipated to outcome in an advisory opinion from the court docket, in response to an ICJ information launch. It will then be as much as the group that requested the opinion, on this case the U.N. General Assembly, to “give effect to [the opinion] or not, by whichever means they see fit,” the ICJ’s web site says.

The hearings take care of the broader matter of the Israeli presence within the Palestinian territories and characterize a wider evaluation of Israeli and Palestinian relations, however the ensuing opinion may improve worldwide stress on Israel over its navy marketing campaign in Gaza.