In Ile-de-France, the autumn in HLM manufacturing sparks unprecedented mobilization | EUROtoday

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In Saint-Denis (Seine-Saint-Denis), February 7, 2024.

” It's a disaster “, says Damien Vanoverschelde, president of Aorif, which brings collectively social housing organizations in Ile-de-France. This man with measured phrases has no different phrases to explain the collapse of HLM manufacturing within the capital area and the issue of relaunching it.

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“The need is enormous: end of December [2023], there were 836,000 requests for social housing, twice as many as in 2010. The region has 1.3 million people who are poorly housed or homeless. However, production is falling », laments the director of Aorif, Anne-Katrin Le Doeuff. Only 18,500 social housing units were approved there in 2023, the lowest number recorded in the last sixteen years, far from the record of 36,000 approvals established in 2016. “And it would have been much worse if the State had not relaxed its financing rules in the last few weeks”she specifies.

How can we clarify this 15% drop in a single yr? At the nationwide degree, HLM organizations have had to surrender a part of their rental earnings since Emmanuel Macron's first five-year time period, as a way to compensate for the drop in APL paid by the State. They are additionally confronted with the rise of their mortgage curiosity (which ends up from the rise in Livret A charges), the rise in development prices, and so on.

New obstacles

Added to this are particular difficulties: “Land is particularly expensive in Ile-de-France, we face competition from intermediate rental housing [destiné aux classes moyennes] which is easier to finance, and there is such a dispersion of governance that we lack coherence and tools at the right scale to act effectively”decrypts Mme Le Doeuff.

The change in perspective of the State in the beginning of 2023 additional sophisticated the equation: somewhat than setting formidable social housing financing targets, as a way to meet wants, it lowered them by virtually 20%, citing the decline in achievements of earlier years. This prompted Aorif to publish a manifesto, on March 9, 2023, with the Abbé Pierre Foundation and the Ile-de-France Association to advertise integration via housing. “We got the Ile-de-France regional housing and accommodation committee to vote against lowering the objectives. It was only an advisory vote, but it was a first”greets Damien Vanoverschelde.

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The Ile-de-France landlords then got down to discover options: they despatched the prefect and the federal government twenty concrete proposals, geared toward facilitating their entry to land, supporting their financial mannequin, and convincing the mayors to get began. “A large part of these measures do not require changing the law”, assures the president of Aorif. He has since obtained no response.

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https://www.lemonde.fr/societe/article/2024/02/21/en-ile-de-france-la-chute-de-la-production-hlm-suscite-une-mobilisation-inedite_6217778_3224.html