“Summoned by the French extreme left and by the Armenian armed struggle, the figure of Missak Manouchian carries several stories” | EUROtoday

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Rresistant, member of the FTP-MOI [francs-tireurs et partisans-main d’œuvre immigrée] Fighting in opposition to Nazi Germany, Missak Manouchian was executed on February 21, 1944 with different partisans. His determine crystallizes historic and memorial points which by no means appear to be exhausted. Indeed, it represents an Armenian-French mannequin of circulation of wrestle current throughout the French protest house of the Nineteen Sixties-Seventies, then in full recomposition.

It is thus recycled by French far-left teams. The National Union of Students of France (UNEF) selected the date of February 21, 1968 to point out its help for the Vietnamese individuals. On the night time of May 13 to 14, 1971, the New Popular Resistance (NRP), the clandestine armed department of the Maoists of the Proletarian Left, took motion in opposition to the far-right newspaper Minute of the identify “Manouchian group”.

In February 1972, the newspaper of the Proletarian Left (GP), The People's Cause, refers to Manouchian, whose portrait was brandished in the course of the February 25 demonstration in Charonne, after the loss of life of activist Pierre Overney, killed by a safety guard. The GP activists pose as new supporters, heirs of the anti-fascist struggle, after which defend the reason for immigrants and the Palestinian trigger, a brand new entrance of anti-imperialist wrestle.

Also learn the editorial of “Le Monde” | Emmanuel Macron dealing with the teachings of the Manouchians

A number of years later, within the context of the Armenian armed wrestle in opposition to the representatives of the Turkish state all through the world, on the night time of May 14 to fifteen, 1977, the New Armenian Resistance (NRA) signed its act in opposition to the workplace nationwide of Turkish tourism in Paris named “commando Missak Manouchian”.

A dynamic of mixed resistance

A determine then recognized to the Armenian neighborhood, his use by the French far left is broad. Its reappropriation by the Armenians of the NRA is twofold. They mobilize that of the resistance, preventing in opposition to Nazi Germany, in France.

Also learn the interview | Article reserved for our subscribers Denis Peschanski, historian: “With Manouchian, it is the “twenty-three” of the trial and all of the international resistance fighters who enter the Pantheon”

Reconfigured nearly three a long time later, this wrestle legitimizes resistance in opposition to Turkey. They thus reintegrate the determine of Manouchian into “their” historical past, that of the Armenians preventing in opposition to the authoritarian and repressive energy of the Ottoman Empire, by the actions of fedaïs, armed fighters, on the finish of the nineteenth centurye century. In doing so, they contribute to restoring historic depth to the survivor of the Armenian genocide. They are thus a part of a dynamic of mixed resistance, Armenian and French.

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The determine of Manouchian thus circulates in time and between worlds in wrestle. Convoked by the combative stratum of the French excessive left, within the type of a shadow solid and highlighted by the Armenian armed wrestle of the Seventies-Eighties, it carries a number of tales: that of the resistance, French and Armenian, and that of of the survivor of the Armenian genocide. His pantheonization on February 21, 2024 permits us to reconnect these a number of tales.

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