Catalonia resigns itself to making use of the state index to restrict lease however believes that “prices will not drop” | Economy | EUROtoday

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Catalonia is just not happy with the rental housing value index system finalized by the Ministry of Housing and which would be the foundation on which the lease regulation supplied for by state regulation can be utilized. The Minister of the Generalitat who holds the Housing portfolio, Ester Capella, met this Monday with Minister Isabel Rodríguez. The assembly lasted simply over an hour and “did not go well” from the viewpoint of the Generalitat, which identified that it was an “urgent” journey and befell “in view of the possibility that the ministry would publish an index that does not respect the agreement” that each events reached final January. But there isn’t a consensus on that, Government sources have indicated that it’s a “meeting agreed upon and agreed between both teams” just a few days in the past. In a subsequent look earlier than the media, Capella stated that with the state system “prices will not drop.”

Capella has additionally introduced that the publication of the report with the price-stressed areas in Catalonia “is imminent and will make the income containment of Catalonia come into force.” Both Administrations had agreed to take the step of publishing the report and the value index on the identical time, and all the things signifies that this settlement can be maintained though the date stays unknown. In Housing they insist that will probably be earlier than the tip of the month. The underlying discrepancy is that of the system to cap revenue, which the ministry has not but introduced. Capella has confirmed, consistent with some “leaks in the press”, that the index won’t give a set value, however fairly a decrease and higher vary. The present authorities statistics do one thing related: for every space, they provide the common value and the twenty fifth percentiles (the quarter of least expensive leases) and seventy fifth (the costliest). It is just not clear if the brand new one will do this or if the rank to which the counselor has referred can be totally different.

Capella has stated that giving a number of references for a similar rental “will make everyone go to the highest range and they will not lower the prices.” That assertion, she defined, relies on the truth that they’ve been “testing” the methodology proposed by the ministry with actual circumstances. The Generalitat proposed that the Catalan index, with a single value, be utilized inside the ministry's vary. And if he remained he was out, then the very best or lowest reference of the ministry could be utilized, relying on which was nearer. “Our proposal is not only legal, but it is robust,” added the counselor, who assumes that it’s going to not be utilized for the second, however stated that she is just not dropping out: “We will continue fighting.”

“Housing must be removed from the logic of the market and the price lowered, unfortunately the ministry does not see it the same way we do,” Capella assured. Minutes after her look, sources from the Ministry of Housing have indicated that “the Government of Spain, in compliance with the established mandate of the housing law, will apply a homogeneous index to the whole of Spain.” And they added that “this index is just one more instrument to control the increase in rental prices”, which is why they belief “that the public policies implemented by the different Administrations will improve access to housing.”

Census space with tax information

The discontent within the Department of Territory of the Generalitat is such that in a be aware clarifying their place they’ve revealed some particulars of the index that the ministry has to current this week and, till now, guards with zeal. According to the Catalan ministry, the ministry's proposal relies, like the present official statistics, on information supplied yearly by the Tax Agency and takes every census part as a reference. The “range of values” supplied “adapts the surface area and other characteristics of the home and the lease contract.” The be aware doesn’t make clear it, however it’s assumed that it’s going to rely upon the peak, whether or not the constructing has an elevator or related points. What the Generalitat has stated is that it’s going to solely have in mind homes of between 30 and 150 sq. meters, and that new houses or houses which were fully renovated within the final 5 years are excluded.

The Catalan Administration assures that it has made two comparisons between its system and that of the ministry, considered one of them with “23,000 specific samples.” “Although the State has agreed to lower its upper range a little, we continue to detect many situations in which it is well above the Catalan index,” states the doc, which estimates this distinction at as much as 400 euros per 30 days. Along the identical strains, he assures that the vary of the ministry's system “is too wide” and “in many cases it exceeds 45%.” The Generalitat additionally criticizes that some “criteria” for weighing costs “are not objective” since will probably be the proprietor who should say what the state of conservation of the home is and “will always tend to give a good rating.”

An extended disagreement

Rent caps have been, by far, probably the most delicate subject within the housing regulation, since its lengthy negotiation started. The disagreements within the earlier legislature between the PSOE, its authorities companions (then Unidas Podemos, now Sumar) and the remainder of the parliamentary companions have been fixed. And the value index system is the final fringe of this subject by which there are very totally different factors of view. Catalonia has all the time aspired to have its personal index authorised, which served to place caps on rents in that neighborhood between September 2020, when it authorised an ordinary for this, and March 2022, when the Constitutional Court declared that this measure invaded powers. which had been state (rents are regulated by the Urban Leases Law, which is state).

Once the Law for the correct to housing was authorised, virtually on the horn of the earlier legislature, the matter already led to clashes between the Generalitat and the then Ministry of Transport, Mobility and Urban Agenda, which indicated its intention for the index to be homogeneous and It may very well be utilized equally all through Spain. That is, an entire rejection of the Catalan system, which relies on rental finance information deposited by house owners, one thing that not all communities acquire.

With the settlement of the brand new Government on the finish of October and the formation of a brand new Ministry of Housing and Urban Agenda, the negotiation appeared to discover a new alternative. Officially, technicians on each side have all the time been sharing data and seeing learn how to make the index. Meanwhile, in successive conferences with the earlier minister, Raquel Sánchez, or with the present one, Councilor Capella confirmed indicators of discontent as a result of her demand to place caps on rents along with her personal index was not addressed. The Generalitat has all the time repeated that this can stop rental costs from being lowered successfully. The identical argument has been utilized by tenant unions in Catalonia and even in Sumar, a companion of the Government. In truth, when final week it was clear that there was a robust disagreement between the ministry and the Generalitat, some of the crucial voices was that of the previous mayor of Barcelona, ​​Ada Colau, who belongs to the political area of vp Yolanda Díaz.

The housing regulation establishes a number of necessities to have the ability to cap rents. The first is the declaration of price-stressed areas, a process that the autonomous communities should provoke, since they’ve transferred powers in Housing. At the second, solely Catalonia has taken that step, which appears inconceivable in all these ruled by the PP, opposite to the norm. The Generalitat has included 140 municipalities all through the territory in a single harassed space. But that declaration and the publication of a report on corrective measures should not sufficient: it’s mandatory that there be a reference index, totally different from the one which has been printed for just a few years as a result of its updating is just not very agile. That's what the Housing Ministry promised to approve this February. This system would imply that enormous house owners (greater than 10 properties, though it may be decreased to 5) have to regulate to the quantities it units. Small landlords, that are the bulk, would merely must freeze the lease from the earlier contract.

Screenshot of the Generalitat de Catalunya Rental Price Reference Index
Screenshot of the reference value index of the Alquiler de la Generalitat de Catalunya

Once the a part of the Catalan regulation that set lease limits has been repealed, the Rental Price Reference Index of the Generalitat Housing Agency can be utilized in two methods. To get hold of a certificates a couple of particular residence with its cadastral reference, or for data functions. In any case, the fields included are the tackle of the house, the ground on which it’s situated, the floor space, the 12 months of development, the state of upkeep, if it has an power certificates, and likewise if it has an elevator, parking or is furnished. The final replace of the index, which relies on the deposits for rental contracts deposited within the Catalan Land Institute of the Generalitat, was made on May 15, 2023 primarily based on contracts from the years 2020, 2021 and 2022.

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https://elpais.com/economia/2024-02-26/cataluna-se-resigna-a-aplicar-el-indice-estatal-para-limitar-el-alquiler-pero-cree-que-no-bajaran-los-precios.html