Nuclear corporations attraction the Government's new radioactive waste plan in courtroom | EUROtoday

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New judicial entrance within the vitality sector. Nuclear Forum, the atomic employers' affiliation that brings collectively Iberdrola, Endesa and Naturgy, has offered a contentious-administrative attraction towards the VII General Radioactive Waste Plan (PGRR) and one other towards the abandonment of the Centralized Temporary Warehouse (ATC). That is, towards the brand new roadmap of the Ministry for the Ecological Transition that entails abandoning the challenge of a centralized short-term warehouse (ATC) for seven short-term infrastructures, a change to which they attribute the 40% enhance within the so-called 'Enresa price'. which the Government unilaterally permitted on the finish of final 12 months.

This was confirmed by Foro Nuclear this Tuesday via a press release through which they reported that they’ve additionally offered allegations to the Royal Decree Project by which the Government intends to extend the “unitary fixed rate through which the service of the “National Radioactive Waste Company (Enresa) for waste administration, dismantling and decommissioning of Spanish nuclear energy vegetation.” This is the famous 'Enresa rate'.

And the new tax scenario proposed by the Government implies that the large owners of the Spanish nuclear park, among which the aforementioned energy shortlist stands out, will go from paying 7.89 euros for each atomic megawatt to 11.14 euros, what together it will mean an extra cost of more than 1,000 million euros compared to what was planned until the definitive closure of the park.

While the Government justified the blow by the increase in inflation in its conversations with the sector, from the business front they criticize both the substance and the forms. On the one hand, They remember that in 2019 they already signed a 20% rate increase and they question the Ministry's calculations to sustain a second increase of such magnitude. In addition, they criticize that the Ecological Transition made the decision unilaterally and “abruptly.”

The two appeals, pointed out by Foro Nuclear, have been filed on February 27. The first is against the agreement of the Council of Ministers of December 27, 2023 by which the VII PGRR is approved, in which the change to the seven temporary warehouses appears and the second, “towards the settlement by which the required directions for abandoning the challenge to deal with a Centralized Temporary Warehouse within the municipality of Villar de Caas (Cuenca) and Enresa is urged to hold out the suitable actions to the orderly completion of the procedures initiated for its implementation“.

In his allegations, the lobby nuclear power plants requests “extra financial data to justify this enhance, in addition to the elimination of additional prices derived from the VII General Plan for Radioactive Waste, which aren’t attributable to nuclear energy vegetation.” On the other hand, they consider it “applicable” to exclude from the costs of the fund “the quantity of the tax on the storage of spent nuclear gas and radioactive waste in centralized amenities, in addition to the reallocation to the Enresa Fund of the gathering of taxes on manufacturing.” of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste resulting from the generation of nuclear energy and the storage of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste in centralized facilities.

Already at the beginning of January, Foro Nuclear advanced its rejection of the new PGRR for entailing “a value a lot increased than initially anticipated” due to the new solutions adopted and the “lack of consensus between the completely different establishments concerned.” In a statement published on January 8, the organization denounced that the additional costs “in no case” should be attributed to the Spanish plants, which annually contribute about 450 million euros at the bottom of Enresa.

Regarding the recent increase in the so-called 'Enresa rate', the president of Naturgy, Francisco Reyns, recalled that the gas company was one of those that signed the nuclear closure protocol in 2019. It was then that an increase in the rate was approved. of a maximum of 20%. These amounts, the executive recalled, were calculated based on “a collection of prices and a collection of years to be recovered by the entity that has to assist the dismantling.” “To this present day, We don’t see the necessity for any adaptationfor the reason that price was ample a short while in the past,” Reyns concluded within the framework of the presentation of the group's annual results this Tuesday.

ATC y AGP

The main problem is that the ATC is replaced by seven temporary warehouses – one for each reactor – to store the spent fuel until the year 2073, when it is expected to be transferred and deposited definitively in a deep geological storage (AGP). .

What this means is that each plant will take charge of its waste as its closure and dismantling schedule is fulfilled, which will begin in 2027 and end in 2035. These deadlines are maintained, at least for the moment, since they have also emerged voices that advocate prolonging the useful life of atomic energy. He apagn start in 2027 with the first plant, Almaraz Iand continue gradually until it ends in 2035 with the seventh and last plant, Trillo. Currently, nuclear energy contributes around 20% of the electricity produced in Spain, according to data from Red Elctrica.

This new proposal represents a change of plans with respect to what had been initially proposed, a centralized warehouse for the fuel for the seven reactors. The Government paralyzed the ATC, whose location was a political and social problem, in 2018.

Meanwhile, the AGP is a definitive solution that combines traditional protection measures such as formwork with those provided naturally by the geography itself. Wanted areas that can serve as a natural repository and that are difficult to access, in which the soil and stone are not porous to avoid corrosion of the elements in which the nuclear material will be stored. It is also sought that they are not areas that are affected by natural phenomena (mainly, earthquakes and seismic movements). Finland is the country that has made the most progress with its, Onkalo – a Finnish word that could be translated as 'pit' or 'cavity' -, which is expected to begin operating in 2025.



https://www.elmundo.es/economia/2024/02/27/65de1454e4d4d8cc7c8b45af.html