“The agricultural sectors are seeing the trajectories and performances of farms diverge more and more” | EUROtoday

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LDo the vigorous and chronic protests of farmers, in France as in different member states of the European Union (EU), point out one more sectoral disaster, linked to a persistent and conventional archaism? Nothing could possibly be farther from the reality, as a result of these demonstrations testify, quite the opposite, to a disaster of modernity which has disrupted the complementary relationships between agriculture and a macroeconomic regime at present based mostly on worldwide competitors, conceived as an indispensable vector of progress. After the roundabouts occupied by the “yellow vests”, the fires throughout recurring city revolts, it’s the flip of the tractors to dam the highways. So many social actions intend to sign to governments the impossibility of a good life for social teams marginalized by the withdrawal of the directing function of public energy within the face of globalization processes.

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The precept of competitors strikes silently at first, then it asserts itself as deregulation extends from services and products to capital and labor. The collective establishments, which yesterday ruled the excessive progress regime, are being eroded by reforms which intention to individualize remuneration based mostly on efficiency, together with in more and more distant markets.

As such, the successive transformations of the frequent agricultural coverage (CAP) since 1992, the yr of the primary main reform of the rules of market regulation, observe a path parallel to that of labor legislation: farmers and workers see their earnings rely increasingly more on markets, and now not on skilled agreements or collective agreements. An further step was taken with the Marrakech settlement in 1994, throughout the framework of economic multilateralism, because it introduced agriculture into the sport of globalization.

The breakup of the Nineties

This basic motion didn’t achieve restoring the preliminary compromise of European development, on the expansion of labor productiveness favorable to productive funding, which had made it potential to enhance the usual of dwelling via the autumn within the costs of products. meals, to construct intensive social protection, in line with a virtuous circle that has now disappeared.

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In phrases of agriculture, this rupture that started within the Nineties known as into query the very foundations of family meals safety, which had been based mostly, on the finish of the Nineteen Fifties, on progress in manufacturing and labor productiveness, and on a positive meals value. Four million persons are at present in a state of affairs of meals insecurity in France.

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https://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2024/02/28/les-filieres-agricoles-voient-les-trajectoires-et-les-performances-des-exploitations-diverger-de-plus-en-plus_6218983_3232.html