“The government must adopt a soil restoration policy” | EUROtoday

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LThe State should cease leaving farmers alone within the face of the colossal local weather challenges that await them and begin actually supporting them within the sector's transition. This is especially illustrated for a little-known but essential ecological problem: soil restoration. In Europe, 60% of them are degraded. This is basically because of erosion – French soils lose 1.5 tonnes of soil per hectare annually – in addition to the compaction imposed on them by the passage of heavy agricultural equipment.

Conventional agricultural practices are additionally in charge, notably the too common apply of plowing, which disrupts the organic functioning of the soil, and the huge use of pesticides. These are, in actual fact, dumped in vital portions: 3.4 kilos per hectare per yr in France, in comparison with 2.5 kilos within the United Kingdom in 2020, for instance.

This therapy will in the end be deadly for our soils. It kills a big a part of the micro-organisms discovered there, that are on the origin of the event of our agricultural crops. This underground life decomposes, in actual fact, natural matter (leaves, branches, and so on.), first by means of bodily organic transformations (earthworms, termites, ants, and so on.), then chemical (micro organism, fungi). This final step converts the decomposed matter into mineral particles, which can then be captured by crops for his or her vitamin.

Multiple pressures

This lovely steadiness is, nevertheless, destroyed by the bulk agricultural practices, together with, amongst different issues, the huge use of pesticides, the deleterious results of which on underground micro-organisms are widespread. Numerous research have demonstrated this, together with a meta-analysis printed in 2023. In this context, soils have gotten poorer, a pattern seen on a worldwide scale. Fertilizers solely delay the results of this normal fatigue.

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These a number of pressures, each bodily and chemical, then pose a concrete menace to our meals provide: the lack of the fertility of our soils. And this isn’t dystopia. In 2017, the British surroundings minister sounded the alert : on the present fee of intensive agriculture, fertile soils would disappear in sure components of the nation inside thirty or forty years. Before including: “Countries can survive coups, wars and conflicts, however no nation can survive the lack of its soil and its fertility. » History has already demonstrated this.

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https://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2024/03/02/agriculture-le-gouvernement-doit-se-doter-d-une-politique-de-restauration-des-sols_6219662_3232.html