a Rennes cooperative among the many pioneers | EUROtoday

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HAS Rennes, once you wish to do away with your cumbersome objects, you may make an appointment on-line and drop off your wardrobe outdoors your own home on the appointed time. If the curious native resident waits till the metropolitan companies arrive, she or he could also be shocked to see a trailer towed by a bicycle arrive. The bicycle owner doesn’t need assistance: a ramp permits the cumbersome waste to be hoisted up. The electrical help then provides the required enhance to take the cupboard to the recycling middle.

It's not likely a revolution. These bicycle conveyors not shock many individuals within the Ille-et-Vilaine prefecture. Since 2012, an organization has been working to switch supply vans within the metropolis. The group of founders had already been biking for 3 years.

“One of them had seen moving done by bicycle during his studies in Canada. He wanted to do the same thing when he returned to Brittany,” explains one of many co-managers, François Dupont. A political dedication? Not for him in any case: “I came to cyclologistics by chance. I was working in another field and when I arrived in Rennes, I started work with a truck logistician. In 2019, I saw an ad for Tout en vélo, and it was the cooperative world that attracted me. »

“Development driven by territorial actors”

The Rennes firm is in reality a SCOP, a cooperative and participatory firm. The workers are the house owners if they need. “External partners are possible, but not more than 35% and no partner can hold more than 49% of the company's shares,” explains the co-manager. But anyway, the voting rule is one individual, one vote. »

READ ALSO Toulouse – Welcome to the Vélo ValléeThe earnings are thus shared every year into three components. An irreducible half (17.5%), which serves as a reserve and funding, a “work” half, blocked on an account for 5 years for all workers, and a “dividends” half, which remunerate the companions. An exercise report is introduced to workers each week and François Dupont leads a gathering each two months to debate monetary technique and human sources.

From 2015, the target of the small Rennes construction is of curiosity past its territory. Free Everything by Bike franchise companies are being created in Rouen (Seine-Maritime) and Grenoble (Isère). “Logistics is a field with characteristics specific to each territory,” we clarify to Tout en vélo. It subsequently appears apparent that improvement is pushed by territorial actors. »

This implies that no entry charge or proportion of turnover is required. The solely obligation: ship by bike. The community in the present day consists of fourteen cooperatives from Marseille (Bouches-du-Rhône) to Havre (Seine-Maritime), through Lyon (Rhône) or Nantes (Loire-Atlantique).

Huge room for enchancment

With growth, a useful resource drawback is regularly rising: cargo bikes are wanted to make sure the community's 410,000 annual deliveries. Historically, these have been constructed within the Rennes scop. As the necessity will increase, building and logistics actions are separated.

In 2021, a brand new construction is created, nonetheless known as Tout en vélo however underneath one other authorized format: the cooperative society of collective curiosity (Scic). “The need for bicycles was coupled with a need for network animation, for the transmission of know-how,” explains Samuel de Gentil-Baichis, co-director of Scic.

READ ALSO Why automotive producers are eager on bikingThree hundred bicycles go away the construction's workshops every year, 40% managed by the Tout en vélo SCOPs, 30% by workers and 30% by native companions. But the fourteen firms within the community signify solely 20% of gross sales. “Most of the cyclists in France work with us,” explains Samuel de Gentil-Baichis. According to Ademe, the sector had 180 to 200 firms in 2023.

“This represents 2,200 to 2,400 full-time equivalents,” provides Margherita Alessandrini, head of the cyclocargology program, for the Les Boîtes à Vélo affiliation. “The problem is to search out financial stability on this sector, which in the present day requires 28 positions per million euros of turnover. This is twice as a lot as the common for a French firm. » For this sector observer, cyclologistics has huge room for enchancment. To transport every thing that may be performed with calf energy, it could take 110,000 full-time equivalents.