Why do Muslims observe a quick through the holy month of Islam? | EUROtoday

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NOTBorn in Morocco in 1959, Tareq Oubrou is commonly offered because the imam of Bordeaux, town the place he has lived because the age of 19.

This mental of Islam, a positive scholar, sheds mild on the which means and significance for Muslims of the month of Ramadan, the beginning of which this 12 months has been set for Monday March 11 by the French Council of Muslim Worship (CFCM).

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Point : What is the which means of Ramadan?

Tareq Oubrou: The month of Ramadan shouldn’t be a time of celebration. Fasting through the month of Ramadan is a non secular observe. The Koran in verse 183 of sura 2, addressing Muslims, says: “It has been prescribed for you to fast as it was prescribed for the other communities which preceded you”, notably Jewish and Christian.

READ ALSO Algeria: Ramadan and market verticalityAll non secular traditions, whether or not from revealed religions or not, spotlight this observe of fasting. Ramadan is the title of the ninth lunar month, and represents a interval of intense spirituality for Muslims. Obligatory fasting lasts all day, adopted by supererogatory night time prayers.

Is it a observe to which the believer has the duty to submit?

This observe respects the rhythm and capability of every particular person. It takes into consideration everybody’s well being and social constraints. If a Muslim is unable to quick in the future, he could make up for it when he’s in higher form, or extra obtainable.

A Muslim doesn’t need to quick at any price. The aim is to not mortify the physique, however to raise the spirit.

If he’s prevented by a continual sickness, he also can substitute this second with alms, and so forth. A Muslim doesn’t need to quick at any price. The aim is to not mortify the physique, however to raise the spirit.

What is the scope of this quick?

It accommodates, to begin with, a symbolic significance: it’s a query of imitating the angels, and God himself who doesn’t drink, doesn’t eat and doesn’t have sexual relations. The particular person is invited to flee from his organic situations, by exhibiting that his thoughts is able to resisting impulses and needs. In nowadays, the spirit triumphs over the physique.

Fasting permits for liberation from oneself. The freedom to flee the tyranny of 1's passions and needs. It is a month of withdrawal from all addictions.

Does the train have a organic significance?

Yes, all fasting is a type of remedy. Especially in societies the place extreme consumerism reigns. Fasting shouldn’t be absurd, it’s extra related than ever, particularly in societies the place fellow residents endure from diseases on account of weight problems or chubby. The scope, lastly, is social: we don’t deprive ourselves to save cash that we didn’t spend on meals, however to present it to others.

Moreover, it’s customary to share a meal within the night with others, and never simply Muslims, all one's neighbors. The month of Ramadan can be a month of solidarity and generosity. And on the finish of the month of Ramadan, the Muslim should pay alms, the Zakat al-Fitr.

How is that this generosity expressed?

In sharing, almsgiving, consideration to the poor… We recognize the reward after deprivation. Fasting permits us to domesticate the pleasure of issues, as a result of we recognize reunions after separation. Also, Muslims should not conceal behind the month of Ramadan to shirk their social {and professional} duties. The month of Ramadan shouldn’t be the month of laziness.

It can be a month of manufacturing and exercise. A interval the place we reconcile the soul's aspiration in direction of Heaven and the vigilance of the spirit with earthly and societal duties. It's a balancing act. A month the place stress should drop. The Prophet stated that one who fasts shouldn’t turn into indignant or insult others. He should present restraint. Ramadan is a month of serenity and peace.

Which have to be subtle within the atmosphere of every practitioner…

Indeed. And I take this chance to emphasise that, in societies like ours underneath stress, non secular practices can contribute to social peace. Let us make it clear that these moments of reconciliation, with oneself, with others, will not be instances to demand neighborhood rights and lodging. It is essential that the month of Ramadan is favorable to all of society, and never an element of withdrawal. Therefore, it’s important to insist on the notion of sharing, openness to others, respect for neighbors.