earlier than the council of ministers, a brand new invoice to provide extra, with fewer constraints | EUROtoday

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Members of the FNSEA at the 78th National Congress of this agricultural union, in Dunkirk, March 28, 2024.

The main agricultural regulation of Emmanuel Macron's second five-year time period is lastly coming into play. Postponed a number of instances, partly rewritten after the agricultural disaster at first of the yr, the draft “guidance law for agricultural sovereignty and generational renewal in agriculture” arrives on the desk of the Council of Ministers on Wednesday April 3, earlier than a scheduled examination within the National Assembly in May, then within the Senate in June.

Sovereignty and agriculture of “major general interest”

The agricultural regulation now has nineteen articles structured round three parts – sovereignty, set up and simplification. An indication of the profound transforming of the textual content within the residence stretch, in collaboration with the bulk union, the National Federation of Agricultural Operators' Unions (FNSEA), it opens with a preamble with the declaration “of major general interest” agriculture, fishing and aquaculture, a promise made by the President of the Republic in the course of the inauguration of the Agricultural Show on the finish of February.

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“The declaration of major general interest will not have an immediate significant impact, but it is a longer-term issue. This makes it possible to balance public policies and place agriculture on the same level as the environment”declared of main public curiosity in 1976, explains the workplace of the Minister of Agriculture, Marc Fesneau. “This will support the interpretation of the administrative judge responsible for ruling on the validity of this or that agricultural project”provides the ministry.

However, organizations are involved: “There can be very concrete impacts, for example in the event of dispute between agricultural imperatives and public health imperatives, to tip the balance in favor of agriculture”analyzes Marion Vigneau, of the Nourrir collective, which brings collectively fifty peasant associations and organizations.

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The authorities additionally intends, with this textual content, to enshrine in regulation the necessity to shield meals sovereignty, with out really defining the idea. The State should guarantee “to preserve and improve its capacity to ensure its food supply within the framework of the internal market of the European Union and its international commitments”thus signifies the invoice, which additionally mentions “the agricultural sovereignty of the country, linked to the sustainable production of biomass [l’énergie issue de la production agricole, sylvicole et des déchets] on the territory “.

The ministry believes that there is not much to say about these definitions, leaving it to parliamentarians to clarify their contours. “The bill sets a framework but does not provide a definition of food sovereignty”underlines Véronique Marchesseau, normal secretary of the Confédération paysanne. “Sovereignty is positioned because the guiding axis of public insurance policies, however the proposed framework is just not according to the definition of meals sovereignty of the United Nations, in its declaration on the rights of peasants of 2018, during which human rights are basic »underlines Mathieu Courgeau, breeder in Vendée and co-president of Nourrir.

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