what that you must learn about pollen allergy | EUROtoday

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LFrance sees purple. Tuesday April 2, the official web site of the National Aerobiological Surveillance Network (RNSA) up to date its vigilance map and positioned a big a part of France on alert for various pollens. “Pollens are out at the beginning of April thanks to spring weather, particularly those from birch which will be responsible for a high risk of allergies in many departments north of a Bordeaux-Grenoble line,” notes the RNSA. And to finish: “In the South-East, the combination of cupressaceae (cypress, and many others.), oak, aircraft tree and parietal (urticaceae) pollen will give a excessive threat of allergy in a number of departments. »

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On the western facet of the nation, the danger is decrease: “We will discover grass pollen there with a low to medium stage allergy threat. Ash and aircraft tree pollens are unfold all through the territory with a low to medium stage allergy threat for aircraft bushes and a low to excessive stage for ash bushes. »

What is pollen?

Pollen is a small grain of mud launched by the male a part of the plant to settle straight on the pistil (the feminine a part of the plant) as a way to fertilize the latter. Plant pollen is transported by bugs and birds but in addition by the wind. Not all pollens are allergenic. Those which trigger signs are these of so-called anemophilous vegetation which unfold pollen grains by the wind. There are many pollens with a excessive allergenic threat: alder, birch, hornbeam, cypress, caddis, paper mulberry, olive, ash and even Japanese cryptomeria.

What well being dangers ?

Pollen allergic reactions have an effect on round 20% of the French inhabitants. Hay fever signs typically seem across the identical time annually. In the vast majority of instances, the indicators of allergic rhinitis are sneezing, watery eyes, runny nostril, conjunctivitis. But in some folks, pollen allergy also can trigger respiratory difficulties like bronchial asthma.

What therapies?

Depending on its depth, allergic rhinitis is relieved with antihistamine medicines and native therapies equivalent to nasal options (corticosteroids and/or antihistamines). Frequent nostril washings are additionally mandatory with physiological serum or with a nasal spray of sea water with added manganese. In the long run, additionally it is doable to comply with desensitization as a way to deliver the allergen into contact with the immune system. This is the one option to treatment a pollen allergy.

How to restrict the danger?

For individuals who know they’re allergic to pollen, sure prevention measures needs to be revered throughout this delicate interval. At house, it is strongly recommended to rinse your hair within the night earlier than going to sleep and to air your inside for at the least ten minutes a day, ideally earlier than dawn and after sundown. In order to not irritate the scenario, it’s higher to keep away from sure irritating or allergenic elements equivalent to tobacco, cleansing or DIY merchandise, inside perfumes, incense, candles, and many others.

When you might be outdoors, it is strongly recommended to keep away from actions that result in overexposure to pollen: mowing the grass in your backyard, sustaining your inexperienced areas, enjoying sports activities, and many others. If mandatory, select the tip of the day and sporting protecting glasses and a masks. During the allergy interval, it’s best to not dry your laundry open air and to not drive with the automotive home windows open.