France seeks to decelerate wasteful trade – DW – 04/08/2024 | EUROtoday

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France’s fast-fashion invoice was lately voted via unanimously within the decrease home of Parliament, making a uncommon consensus within the National Assembly, the place the federal government lacks an absolute majority and infrequently faces stiff opposition.

But that unanimity does not imply all people in France has welcomed the federal government’s technique.

The new guidelines will have an effect on corporations that roll out a sure minimal variety of merchandise per day — a threshold to be outlined in a while by decree. The authorities is concentrating on fast-fashion giants like producer Shein and on-line platform Temu, each based mostly in China.

Fast-fashion mobile app Shein on a phone screen and Shein website displayed on a screen in the background
Ultra-fast style corporations like Shein are placing round 7,200 new objects available on the market every dayImage: Jakub Porzycki/NurPhoto/image alliance

Such corporations should submit clearly seen messages on their web sites indicating the environmental influence of their merchandise and inspiring their clients to recycle objects— or else face fines of as much as €15,000 ($16,160).

A brand new eco-point system will consider style corporations. Those that carry out poorly should pay an preliminary levy of €5 after which, by 2030, as much as €10 (about $11) per merchandise.

The authorities has stated it can ban publicity for fast-fashion corporations and their merchandise from 2025. Infringing that legislation will carry penalties of as much as €100,000.

The invoice nonetheless must be greenlighted by France’s Senate and will come into impact over the approaching months.

‘We have received a cultural battle’

However, for Julia Faure, clothier and president of the group En Mode Climat — which incorporates roughly 600 corporations that produce style in a sustainable manner — the draft legislation is already “great news.”

“We have won a cultural battle, as fast fashion is an environmental, social and cultural disaster that wipes out everything but the luxury sector in the market, just like a huge juggernaut,” she informed DW.

Faure thinks the federal government is sending the fitting sign when style made from cotton and produced regionally will get a superb eco-score whereas merchandise manufactured far-off and from artificial materials are badly marked.

“And yet, we need to stay alert and make sure the threshold through which fast-fashion companies are defined is not set too high,” she added.

But Philippe Moati thinks this threshold should not be too low, in order to verify it does not embrace French manufacturers. He’s a professor of economics at Paris Cite University and the founding father of Paris-based market analysis firm ObSoCo.

Ultra-fast style about 3% of France’s style market

And Moati disagrees with the federal government’s technique.

“The draft law stigmatizes these brands’ clients who, according to a study we are conducting, are the less educated and less well-off. It’s important for them to be able to afford fashion to feel they are part of society,” he informed DW.

The economist estimated that what he calls “ultra-fast fashion” makes up about 3% of France’s style market — precise figures do not exist.

A picture of a Zara stor entrance in Warsaw, Poland
Brands like Zara and H&M launched quick style within the Nineteen Nineties by issuing new collections each week as a substitute of twice a 12 monthsImage: Beata Zawrzel/NurPhoto/image alliance

Moati stated fast-fashion companies needs to be regulated extra strictly, however with current instruments.

“The government should implement French laws such as the two-year guarantee for fashion items, the ban on selling under cost and the obligation to calculate discounts using realistic reference prices,” he stated.

“Plus, we should levy import duties on all textile imports — not just those costing at least €150 as right now,” he urged, including that ultra-fast style did have the upside that it produced a really small collection of merchandise which additionally meant there have been virtually no unsold objects.

Shein, Temu, Zara and H&M both declined or didn’t reply requests for interviews with DW.

France may ‘prepared the ground’

Gildas Minvielle, director of the Economic Observatory at Paris-based style faculty Institut Francais de la Mode, thinks time will inform if the federal government’s strategy is the fitting one.

“This is uncharted territory — we need to test what works and what doesn’t,” he informed DW. “In any case, though, it’s crucial to remind consumers of fast fashion’s devastating impact on the environment.”

For him, the unanimous vote in parliament reveals French politicians have understood there’s urgency for motion.

“The draft law is a reaction to the deep crisis which the pret-a-porter sector [designer clothes sold ready-to-wear — Editor’s note] has been going through since 2022 with numerous brands filing for bankruptcy,” he stated.

“France, the home of fashion, could now lead the way. These rules should be widened out to the whole of Europe as the fashion market is a European one,” he stated.

Ghana has grow to be quick style’s dumping floor

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There have been some dissenting voices within the National Assembly, akin to Antoine Vermorel-Marques, a parliamentarian within the division of Loire in central France for the conservative social gathering Les Republicains.

“Fashion companies in my home county used to employ around 10,000 people in the 1980s, but that number has gone down to 2,000 after they outsourced production to Asia,” he informed DW.

“Only recently they started to rehire workers, as there’s a trend to buy more locally produced items. Fast fashion has now created new downward pressure on costs — we need to take countermeasures,” he stated.

And but, the politician does not welcome all of the paragraphs of the draft invoice.

“The ban on publicity will stymie the market instead of regulating it. We should just focus on the eco-point system that’ll allow us to take into account negative externalities, i.e. have companies pay for their products’ negative environmental and social impact,” he stated.

‘More measures wanted’ for local weather targets

But Pierre Condamine, spokesman of the group Stop Fast Fashion which incorporates a number of NGOs combating for the safety of the setting, thinks the brand new guidelines do not go far sufficient.

“The threshold defining fast fashion should be directly enshrined in the bill and be low enough to also encompass French companies such as sporting goods retailer Decathlon,” he informed DW. “Companies should also have to pay a minimum levy if they get a negative eco-score, something that’s so far not included in the plans.”

Recycled denim designs tackle quick style

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He added that quick style corporations must also have the duty to publish their gross sales figures for France.

“That’s the only way we can actually understand what we are facing and try to work toward fulfilling the Paris Climate Agreement,” he stated, urging French residents to purchase “not more than five new fashion items per year — and not 50 like it’s currently the case.”

Edited by: Rob Mudge