For the supporters of the reform undertaking, “unemployment benefits are the enemies of employment and policies to put the unemployed back into work” | EUROtoday

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OIt is obscure the deserves of a brand new reform of unemployment insurance coverage geared toward toughening the situations of compensation for the unemployed, a doctrine of which this double presidential mandate may have made a specialty. The motivations to justify these blows to Unédic have diverse over time.

This was the monetary argument for resolving the debt: if it was a query of lowering its weight, it will have been helpful for the State to set an instance by repaying to the joint establishment what it owed it. should: the financing of partial unemployment in the course of the well being disaster and the equal of social contributions misplaced because of the coverage of lowering social expenses carried out for years by this authorities and those who preceded it.

Compensate, place, prepare

The different argument put ahead consists of justifying this reform within the identify of labor with the implicit postulate that unemployment advantages, their quantity, their length are the enemies of employment and insurance policies to place the unemployed again into work, the well-known so-called insurance policies “active”.

And it’s on this level of the argument that the shoe pinches, and for a number of causes. Because for the reason that creation of the primary types of compensation for the unemployed with the creation of Unédic in 1958, then that of the National Employment Agency (ANPE) in 1967 (right now France Travail), compensation of the unemployed and their placement on the labor market have been one and the identical pair.

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This was the entire which means of the institution of a public employment service in these years, all the pieces that the Ortoli report, written by a sure Jacques Delors (1925-2023), known as for in 1963. : implement a serious public employment infrastructure coverage to help the skilled mobility of employees. To do that, it was first essential to accurately compensate the unemployed (Unédic), help them in inserting them (ANPE) with attainable recourse to vocational coaching (Association for Professional Training of Adults). Compensation, on the coronary heart of reforms right now, constituted the important hyperlink and the principle lever of those energetic insurance policies.

More just lately, an inspector from the final inspection of social affairs (IGAS), Jean-Marc Boulanger, charged by the federal government in 2008 with a preparatory mission for the creation of Pôle emploi, offered compensation for the unemployed as remuneration of the job search work of the unemployed. He recalled, what the present authorities appears to disregard, that “compensation and placement by way of an energetic intermediation coverage constituted the 2 levers to be put in the identical hand to present substance to the will to present all its energy to the profession safety technique in a versatile job market and dynamic ».

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