In New Caledonia, the Kanak individuals come collectively to reaffirm their place | EUROtoday

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On April 26 and 27, the customary world meets in Nouméa for the Kanak People's Assembly, ten years after the proclamation of the Kanak People's Charter. It will talk about the place of the customary Senate, the Area Councils in addition to the problems linked to the popularity of the indigenous individuals. A recognition enshrined within the Constitution which continues to lift questions, twenty-six years after the signing of the Nouméa settlement.

“The Nouméa agreement is a very strong breakthrough that the Kanak people themselves do not necessarily measure”, says Mahé Gowe, president of the committee chargeable for relations with customary constructions and authorities of the Senate. This establishment constitutes one of many pillars of the very explicit settlement which acknowledged the Kanak individuals within the French Constitution in 1998, making a departure from the sacrosanct precept of unity of the nation and the French individuals. Devoting ” the fight “ rising “on the first day of taking possession”in 1853, this achievement is as we speak threatened, in line with customs.

In addition to the illustration of the indigenous individuals inside establishments, the decolonization settlement acknowledges Kanaks as having particular rights over land, largely dispossessed throughout colonization, in addition to preparations to take Kanak id into consideration.

Great palaver

“Today we hear political leaders saying the opposite of what is planned by the Nouméa agreement. Everything seems to be falling apart and this explains the rise of anger », worries Senator Gowe. To try to calm the situation and move forward on a new political agreement, representatives of the customary world are proposing to organize a major discussion, on the basis of ” declaration of the Kanak people » which will be proclaimed on Saturday.

An assessment of the Nouméa agreement commissioned by the State and returned in May 2023 assessed the numerous innovations bearing the ambition of taking New Caledonia towards its emancipation. The vast majority of the planned measures may well have been implemented, but traditional senators believe that the account is not there, far from it. This is also one of the reasons why they are organizing this two-day Assembly of the Kanak People, calling on all communities to join them.

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For the customary Senate, which recurrently deplores not being sufficiently heard, the outcomes of the settlement are relatively bitter, and on a lot of topics. This is especially the case for land reform, which some now think about to be full, with the floor space of ​​customary land now being equal to that of personal land. In an version of Mail from Parliament devoted to New Caledonia, in 2021, the director of the state company chargeable for land reform believed, quite the opposite, that a lot remained to be carried out.

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https://www.lemonde.fr/politique/article/2024/04/26/en-nouvelle-caledonie-le-peuple-kanak-se-reunit-pour-reaffirmer-sa-place_6230135_823448.html