Mexico asks the UN Court to defend the inviolability of embassies after the assault on its legation in Ecuador | International | EUROtoday

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The Government of Mexico has accused Ecuador this Tuesday of violating worldwide legal guidelines for raiding its embassy in Quito, the Ecuadorian capital, on April 5, forcibly eradicating the previous vice chairman of the Andean nation, Jorge Glas, from there. The politician, accused of corruption, was on the diplomatic legation as a political asylum. In view of the assault, Mexico has requested the United Nations International Court of Justice (TIJ) to situation precautionary measures that defend the inviolability of embassies and consulates. He additionally asks the judges that Ecuador be suspended as a member of the UN till it apologizes and that they set a precedent declaring {that a} State will be expelled from the group for instances like this. Both international locations have damaged off their relations and the incident has precipitated commotion inside and outdoors of Latin America.

The raid on the Mexican embassy in Quito was carried out by members of the Ecuadorian National Police and was filmed by the constructing's safety cameras. These pictures have been offered to the judges throughout the first of the 2 hearings devoted to the case by the TIJ. This Monday it was Mexico's flip and Alejandro Celorio Alcántara, authorized guide for the Mexican Foreign Service, recalled that “at least 68 states and international organizations have expressed solidarity with Mexico and disapprove of Ecuador.” States, Celorio Alcántara added, “cannot invoke internal measures to breach international standards.” He then acknowledged: “A disconcerting precedent has been set that has repercussions on the entire international community.”

Ecuador has justified the police operation because of the alleged threat that Glas would escape the nation and since it thought of the granting of political asylum unlawful. The Ecuadorian president, Daniel Noboa, in an interview in the beginning of the month on the Australian channel SBS, defended the invasion of the diplomatic legation. In his opinion, some governments “use their embassies as a facade for a political refugee, but in reality it is for impunity.” Former Vice President Glas is accused of a criminal offense of embezzlement. He assures that that is an unfounded accusation. Once contained in the Mexican embassy in Quito, he wanted secure conduct from the Ecuadorian Government to fly to Mexico.

The follow of political asylum has developed in a particular method in Latin America, though with limitations concerning indicators of struggle crimes, crimes towards humanity and towards peace, in accordance with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. Mexico granted it to Jorge Glas and Roberto Canseco, head of the Mexican diplomatic mission, tried to stop the assault. He was additionally crushed and threatened with firearms by the brokers. The sequence of occasions has additionally been contemplated by the TIJ judges, who’ve seen the arrival of the police forces that surrounded the embassy.

Diplomacy is supported by worldwide treaties, particularly the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations (1961), which regulates it and establishes the immunity of diplomatic personnel. Mexico has denounced Ecuador's violation of this treaty earlier than the judges. Hence, the precautionary measures requested embrace the safety of diplomatic legations, belongings and archives; that Ecuador permits Mexico to clear diplomatic premises and the non-public residences of its representatives; ensures that no measures are taken that hurt the rights of Mexico, and that the Ecuadorian State refrains from any act or conduct that would worsen the controversy.

The inviolability of diplomatic legations additionally ensures peaceable relations between States. For this motive, Julian Assange, founder and editor of the WikiLeaks web site – whose case has been cited by Mexico earlier than the ICJ – spent seven years within the Ecuadorian embassy within the United Kingdom. The British authorities didn’t let him depart, however they didn’t break into the constructing both. Gabriela Sommerfeld, Ecuadorian Foreign Minister, has declared that for her Government “no criminal can be considered a political refugee.”

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This Wednesday the representatives of Ecuador will converse and the case will go to deliberation by the judges. As this can be a request for precautionary measures, they don’t have to enter the substance of the matter and their ruling could also be recognized within the coming weeks. Maybe in a number of months. On the opposite hand, Ecuador sued Mexico this Monday earlier than the TIJ itself, contemplating that the Government of Andrés Manuel López interfered in its inside affairs by granting asylum to former Vice President Glas. The Ecuadorian Government alleges that Mexico has did not adjust to its obligations to not intrude within the inside affairs of the receiving State, and to not use diplomatic workplaces in a fashion incompatible with the features assigned to it. Again, the textual content invoked is the 1961 Vienna Convention.

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