Marie Guévenoux presents the land regulation reform calendar | EUROtoday

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LThe resolution was taken on the Élysée on April 19. That day, Emmanuel Macron summoned his Prime Minister Gabriel Attal, his Minister of the Interior Gérald Darmanin and his Minister Delegate in control of Overseas Territories Marie Guévenoux. The latter has simply landed from Guadeloupe, however it’s Mayotte that we’re speaking about. Faced with a “juxtaposition of crises”, says the minister, the 101e French division, one of many poorest within the nation, is the topic of the best consideration from the federal government.

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The head of state modifications gear: opposite to what had been introduced, the 2 payments (one constitutional to repeal land regulation, the opposite abnormal devoted to emergencies which incorporates a number of areas, together with safety, immigration, financial and social improvement and an institutional part) is not going to be offered on May 22 to the Council of Ministers. Because the president first needs to ship these texts in individual to the Mahorese elected officers and open a session cycle.

READ ALSO Mayotte, a French nightmareBefore flying to Mayotte – her fourth journey there since her appointment to the federal government on February 8 – Marie Guévenoux receives Point in his workplace on the Hôtel de Montmorin, headquarters of the ministry, to announce this new calendar. “To involve elected officials in the reflection, in accordance with their request, we will present the two texts of law to the departmental council of Mayotte, to elected officials and to Mahorais parliamentarians on May 17, during a meeting at the Élysée, with a few days ahead of the initially planned deadline. This is a sign of the total commitment of the government and the president to Mayotte. We let's give a very strong dimension to the bills, on the abolition of land rights and on the development of Mayotte, by ensuring that it is the president himself who presents it to elected officials. The departmental council will have one month to examine these texts and make proposals to the government. They will then be presented to the Council of Ministers in July. »

Marie Guévenoux insists: we should definitely not see this as a “postponement”. Because this alteration in timetable would haven’t any impression on the implementation of reforms. “With the Assembly and the Senate suspending their work this summer, the texts would not have been examined before September in Parliament in any case. They will be as quickly as possible,” she specifies.


Is this an indication of pleasure on the a part of the chief, conscious that, in a state of affairs of relative majority, will probably be very troublesome to acquire the votes of three/5e of Parliament, mandatory for the adoption of a constitutional reform? The left is actually firmly against the top of the land regulation, the best and the National Rally want to lengthen it to different territories, and even to your complete territory… Even within the ranks of Emmanuel Macron's supporters, the topic is way from unanimous. An extraordinarily tenuous parliamentary passage due to this fact, if not unimaginable to search out.

“I’m not doing that analysis,” the minister replied. I do know what land regulation will likely be within the context of the parliamentary debate: the sacred totem which should not be touched for some and the chance to ask for its repeal all through the territory for others! It’s neither one nor the opposite! We think about that the distinctive nature of the state of affairs in Mayotte requires an distinctive response. I invite parliamentarians to take inventory of native realities and transfer away from a totemic or principled logic. All elected officers and all of the lively forces of Mayotte, with out exception, demand the abolition of land rights on the archipelago! Afterwards, we will lose curiosity in folks and what they’re going via… But, I would like us to come back to the help of Mayotte and to behave pragmatically and resolutely. » What a few referendum to get out of the parliamentary mess? Such an initiative being within the palms of the Head of State, the minister prefers to kick in.

I always remember that I return to Paris after my journeys to Mayotte.Marie Guévenoux

To win the approaching political battle, Marie Guévenoux due to this fact encourages deputies and senators to go to the French island within the Indian Ocean, “to form their own opinion”. She herself admits to not having returned fairly the identical, throughout her first journey to Mahor. The distress, the worry, the chaos… The shock and the belief.

“We will win the constitutional fight on this. On knowledge of the situation and on a form of sincerity in relation to what is happening. Personally, I never forget that I return to Paris after my trips to Mayotte. » Thursday and Friday, she therefore took in her luggage Sylvain Maillard, boss of the Renaissance deputies, Christophe Naegelen, co-president of the Liot group, Blandine Brocard, MoDem deputy and member of the Laws committee. Guests, Olivier Marleix, leader of the Les Républicains deputies, and André Chassaigne, head of the communist group, were ultimately unable to free themselves.

READ ALSO “Nothing stops them”: Mayotte overwhelmed by the violence of armed gangsOn the spot, difficulties accumulate. Of the 33,000 inhabitants recorded, half are foreigners, 50% of whom are in an irregular state of affairs. The water disaster amplified by drought was compounded by the worsening of the migration disaster, with the huge arrival of migrants from the Great Lakes area, along with these from neighboring Comoros, at first of the 12 months.

The Mahorese inhabitants, exhausted, revolted by organising roadblocks. It was on this context that Gérald Darmanin, accompanied by Marie Guévenoux, got here to announce, to everybody's shock, the top of land regulation, at first of February. An entry beneath excessive rigidity for the neo-minister, 47 years previous, Renaissance MP for Essonne since 2017, who reduce her enamel on the best, notably alongside Alain Juppé. “These roadblocks had to be lifted and a link of trust reestablished with the population. It remains tenuous and I put all my energy into consolidating it,” she explains.


“The repeal of land law will not resolve all of Mayotte’s problems but will resolve a certain number of them. This is a radical measure with immediate effect which will reduce the attractiveness of the territory for illegal immigration networks. » And to cite this figure, as a response to those who criticize the uselessness of such a reform: “Of the 13,600 residence permits issued per year, 85% are linked to family life, which is half as many in France and the demonstration that there is indeed an attractiveness of the residence permit in Mayotte. »

In Mayotte, a child born to foreign parents can obtain French nationality at the age of 13, provided they have five years of residence. The Collomb law of 2018 restricted these conditions: from now on, to become French, you must also be able to prove that one of your parents was in a legal situation for at least three months before their birth. Without really knowing, for the moment, how to measure the effects of this hardening.

READ ALSO Land rights in Mayotte: what if Macron called a referendum? The bill intended to resolve the “emergencies” of Mayotte due to this fact primarily consists of provisions on immigration and safety. It ought to enable, for instance, the police to hold out searches for weapons in houses. On the financial facet, Bercy is engaged on social convergence.

While ready for these new legal guidelines, the federal government has deployed the “Clean Place” system for 2 weeks, which follows the “Wuambushu” operation a 12 months in the past. First progress report, due to the motion of 1,700 mobilized regulation enforcement businesses, in accordance with the Ministry of Overseas Territories: 250 unlawful habitats (the bangas) destroyed, 10,000 checks, together with practically 200 arrests. Among them, 23 people who seem on the checklist of the 60 most harmful gang leaders.

More than 1,150 unlawful foreigners arrested, together with 850 returned to the border. 60 weapons seized and round twenty kwassas kwassas, these fishing boats on which sure migrants arrive, will likely be destroyed. Concerning the “maritime iron curtain”, supposed to scale back immigration, surveillance of the coasts is elevated with the reinforcement of 30 troopers, two interceptor boats, new technique of flying over the world and radars.

The cholera epidemic provides to the already immense challenges. Nineteen reinforcements from the well being reserve landed this Thursday morning with the minister. A second care unit with 20 further beds will likely be opened, in addition to a screening middle in Koungou. The Minister of Health, Frédéric Valletoux, can also be as a result of go there subsequent week.

I'm not going to misinform folks: Mayotte just isn’t going to develop into a haven of prosperity within the blink of an eye fixed. If the state of affairs was simply adjustable, it will already be resolved. I don't make empty guarantees.Marie Guévenoux

“We are committed to being extremely focused on Mayotte. Not a day goes by without Mayotte being at the center of our concerns. Migration, security, health crisis: Mayotte is an emergency every day. We therefore put resources, commitment and energy into it. The president has both eyes on the department. However, I'm not going to lie to people: Mayotte is not going to become a haven of prosperity in the blink of an eye. If the situation was easily adjustable, it would already be resolved. I don’t make empty promises,” explains Marie Guévenoux.

READ ALSO René Dosière: “The departmentalization of Mayotte was a serious error” In her sights: Marine Le Pen and her acolytes of the National Rally. The head of the flame occasion has simply returned from a tour in Mayotte, the place she acquired a really heat welcome. In this abroad division, the three-time presidential candidate recorded report electoral scores. “Marine Le Pen uses in Mayotte, as elsewhere, people’s misery and problems. She surfs on poverty, on security problems, on the distance from Paris. Whether in Mayotte or in the south of Essonne, it’s easy for her, since she arrives and says: “I understand you.” This is cynical habits, as a result of it doesn’t present a solution. »

Marie Guévenoux intends to make Mayotte a private combat. Dégagisme and even anti-French sentiment flourished there. We should act rapidly. And that's good: after being actively concerned, Gérald Darmanin has gained floor on this concern. All that is still is for his delegate minister to show himself.