Up to 50% of water is misplaced or wasted. The resolution is technological | Technology | EUROtoday

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Carmen Flores Cayuela, researcher in the Hydraulics and Irrigation group at the University of Córdoba and Tic4bio, shows a mobile application for controlling irrigation water next to one of the sensors installed in Cortijo El Puerto in the Sevillian town of Lora del Río.
Carmen Flores Cayuela, researcher within the Hydraulics and Irrigation group on the University of Córdoba and Tic4bio, exhibits a cell software for controlling irrigation water subsequent to one of many sensors put in in Cortijo El Puerto within the Sevillian city of Lora del Río.Raúl Limón Gallardo

The resolution to water shortage is especially to get well the rainfall regime with the reversal, till now unsuccessful, of local weather change; cut back consumption, one thing that the forecasts don’t ponder; and optimize the administration of makes use of to forestall the lack of between 20% and 50% of current sources. On the final entrance, know-how is a elementary instrument. Researchers from all areas develop options to keep away from losing a superb with out which life is unimaginable.

Carmen Flores Cayuela is a researcher within the Hydraulics and Irrigation group on the University of Córdoba and is a part of Tic4bioa digital platform financed with European funds and the Regional Government of Andalusia to optimize using water and enhance biodiversity within the countryside, which consumes 80% of water sources. Any proportion of enchancment on this space is important because of its extraordinary weight in international consumption. “You can save up to 20% and, in addition, you gain efficiency because 100% of what is used is used,” says the researcher on the Sevillian farm. Cortijo El Puertothe place they’ve put in their sensor community.

This community of receptors at totally different depths acts as nerve endings within the earth's dermis. One has been put in for each 10 hectares (24 in complete) and its value per unit is round 1,000 euros. “They tell us the availability of water, the humidity and the irrigation recommendation,” explains Flores whereas displaying the cell software, developed by Dacartec, the place the outcomes of the collected knowledge are mirrored. Furthermore, primarily based on data uploaded manually and with the assistance of a picture search engine, he calculates the fundamental biodiversity indices to foretell pests and fight them in an ecological means.

A group from the Provincial Council of Seville, on the washing line of the Cortijo El Puerto oil mill, where a sensor monitors the water flow.
A bunch from the Provincial Council of Seville, on the washing line of the Cortijo El Puerto oil mill, the place a sensor displays the water stream.

Industry is the following main shopper of water. Enrique de la Torre Liébana is CEO of Ingeoliva, the household enterprise that owns the farm and produces natural oil. Its sized oil mill reproduces the scheme utilized within the subject: one sensor for every vital course of. They monitor the stream charge per second used for laundry the fruit, for treating the juice and for cleansing all of the amenities. He has been engaged on the undertaking for 2 years, by which the Spanish skilled affiliation of natural manufacturing participates. Ecovaliain an effort to decide the water footprint, the quantity obligatory to provide.

“The objective is not only to know the resource necessary for each process but also to identify the points of improvement to reach the minimum possible,” explains De la Torre, who assures that the funding is value it. “It is not a question of profitability but of personal satisfaction, of commitment to the environment. That is priceless,” he says after acknowledging that the yield in this kind of farm is decrease than in intensive ones. “This has an impact on the price, but the consumer, if educated, is willing to pay a little more,” he says. The water financial savings they hope to attain is 50%.

Luis Babiano, supervisor of the affiliation of public water operators Aeopas, defends the significance of all fronts, particularly in Spain, “where the available resources are insufficient and those that do exist have been exploited to the point of exhaustion.” “Prioritizing its effective management is essential,” he provides.

In this recreation the place the triumph is water, the third main shopper is included: the city heart. “In some of our large cities, more than 20% of the water distributed by the network is lost due to leaks, and in some rural areas it reaches 50%,” says Babiano. “It is also not acceptable that, on the coast, where tourist activity accelerates demand, not all the purified water is reused,” he provides for example of making use of know-how in water administration.

Babiano defends the digitalization of distribution processes. “It is paradoxical that with existing technology we do not have complete information about the water cycle, losses due to leaks, breakages or leaks or that the consumer does not know what they spend daily,” he feedback.

Ramón Gonzáles Carvajal is a professor of Electrical Engineering on the University of Seville and has participated within the preparation of the Guide for the digitalization of water makes use of, a free useful resource promoted by Aeopas and Research Award from the Economic and Social Council of Andalusia.

An Emasesa operator installs a digital meter with remote reading.
An Emasesa operator installs a digital meter with distant studying.In the mornings

He assures that in city provide it’s identified “more or less” the place the water is misplaced, though he admits that the state of affairs is uneven: “There are many municipalities that do not know where the pipes are, that have never drawn up a map of them and do not know the age of the network. “The problem,” he provides, “is that fixing it is very difficult because it involves a gigantic investment. The theory says that 2% of the networks should be renewed per year.”

In the countryside, the place most is spent, the state of affairs worsens. “Some irrigation pipes can have all the losses and it is not known why no one bills you for the water that is discharged. We know what is captured, but we do not know what is lost because there is no measuring instrument. Although there are tremendously technical irrigation communities, they are not the majority,” explains the engineer.

Other makes use of

Technology just isn’t solely a means to economize for operators and customers, who can observe each day consumption and detect community failures or distinguish between leaks and fraud. It also can function a predictive demand indicator to make selections or promote financial savings campaigns and even be a lifesaver. There are already, as González Carvajal explains, multispectral cameras that course of the spectrum of sunshine in water and serve to foretell when the provision will develop into unsuitable for consumption. And they will additionally serve in order that social companies can monitor, with their consent, weak teams.

The meters have, for a price of about 150 euros, ample know-how to ensure a helpful lifetime of 12 years with the supply of real-time data on the complete water cycle. The month-to-month value can be simply over one euro. The Guide to digitization facilitates the selection, buy and administration of this know-how and the information it supplies.

For giant firms, the funding is worthwhile. In the Seville provide firm Emasesa has solely recorded technical losses, these which can be inevitable in a community that provides a million customers. However, for small municipalities, it’s a problem that might suggest will increase in unpopular charges or the concession of the service, however not even non-public firms wish to take it on because of inadequate or no expectation of revenue. “The only way for this new wave of modernization to reach these municipalities is to offer incentives and for them to be united on a sufficient scale so that they can have technologists and technicians who manage the network in a decentralized manner,” explains the professor on the School of Seville Engineering.

“Water is a precious commodity and the only way to manage it better is to have more information. If we have water for four years and we manage to save 20% with digitalization, in the end we will have water for 5 years,” González Carvajal summarizes.

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