“Kanaky” in “Le Monde”, forty years of id claims in New Caledonia | EUROtoday

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Militants of the Socialist Kanak National Liberation Front (FLNKS) occupy a bridge and set up a roadblock, near Thio, on November 29, 1984. A few days earlier, on November 18, 1984, activists had smashed a ballot box with an ax to illustrate symbolically the determination of the Kanak separatists to boycott the territorial elections.

VSIn latest weeks, in New Caledonia, a phrase, “Kanaky”, resonates very loudly. This is the one we shout within the streets and show on indicators. In an article dated May 21, Nathalie Guibert quotes an activist: “Macron put down the “yellow vests” at dwelling, however right here, he isn’t at dwelling. This is our nation! You are in Kanaky, right here! This is our dwelling! »

Kanaky, extra not often spelled “Kanakie”, the title that the Kanak give to their territory seems for the primary time in The world on September 26, 1984 from the pen of Frédéric Filloux. The journalist describes the start of a brand new coalition, the Kanak and Socialist National Liberation Front (FLNKS), which calls for independence: “The future Melanesian socialist republic that the FLNKS wishes to create will be called Kanaky, which means “land of man”, and goals to be “a decentralized and democratic socialist republic without distinction of race, sex, religion and opinion within the limits of State sovereignty”.

Calling for a boycott of the territorial elections of November 1984, the FLNKS proclaimed the “provisional government of Kanaky”, on the finish of November, led by Jean-Marie Tjibaou. On November 27, 1984, the knowledge made the entrance web page of the newspaper. In an extended article recounting the troubles shaking the archipelago, the independence chief warns: “If France decides to crush us militarily, it can. But the problem will never be destroyed, our claim will always exist. The people from the womb of this country will never be silent. »

Heartbreak and reconciliation

On site, the situation is getting worse. Ten independence activists, all from the Tiendanite tribe, were shot and killed by Europeans. “The ten varnished wooden coffins have just arrived from the Nouméa morgue, in Puma and military trucks. The women, all the women of the tribe, are curled up on the coffins covered with the flag of “Kanaky” », described Daniel Schneidermann on December 10, 1984.

Special correspondent in Bourail, the place a big Caldoche inhabitants lives, the journalist described a number of days later, on December 22, this panel positioned below a French flag: “Kanaky no way, we’re staying. » He meets the mayor, exhausted, and Europeans ready to fight, who do not want to “nothing less than starving hostile tribes”.

When Pierre Joxe, then Minister of the Interior, visited the nice chief of the Petit-Couli tribe, he was greeted by a vibrant “Long live France, long live Sarraméa, long live Petit-Couli and… long live Kanaky! “, describes Edwy Plenel, special envoy of World, on January 20, 1986. In Hienghène, the journalist continues, “Mr Jean-Marie Tjibaou forces the message”, by providing an independence flag to his customer. The article is titled ” Long reside France ! Long reside Kanaky! » : This is the primary time this title seems in a title.

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