New Caledonia: change technique | EUROtoday

Get real time updates directly on you device, subscribe now.

LNew Caledonia isn’t a “file” like some other. Because it includes a neighborhood of women and men introduced collectively, 17,000 km from Paris, by an extended and painful colonial historical past, as a result of the conception of time and the codes which govern human and political relationships there are completely different from these which prevail in France, and since the quasi-civil conflict of the years 1984-1988 left wounds there. For having ignored this apparent reality, but so usually recalled, Emmanuel Macron finds himself within the uncomfortable place of getting to place out fires that he helped to gentle.

Follow our stay: Live, New Caledonia: a person killed by the police after Emmanuel Macron's specific go to, the seventh dying because the begin of the riots

By going for a couple of hours, Thursday, May 23, to an island engulfed by ten days of riots which prompted the dying of seven individuals and a number of looting, the President of the Republic performed even larger as he should, to have an opportunity of defusing the disaster, rethink on a number of essential factors.

Was it not he himself who, after the vote, on May 14, of the constitutional revision undertaking offering for the controversial unfreezing of the voters, posed an ultimatum threatening to convene Congress for the definitive adoption of the textual content, if loyalists and separatists had not discovered a worldwide settlement by the top of June? Wasn't it him who determined to keep up, regardless of the boycott of the separatists, the third referendum on the independence of the territory, on December 12, 2021? He who, in July 2022, appointed Secretary of State answerable for citizenship to the Minister of the Interior Sonya Backès, president of the Southern province of New Caledonia, fueling doubts concerning the impartiality of the State?

Read additionally | Article reserved for our subscribers New Caledonia: Emmanuel Macron tries to appease and requires renewed dialogue “with a view to a global agreement”

Breaking out of the bloody deadlock

The head of state had no different possibility than to go to the entrance line, even when this selection results in this unusual state of affairs the place he poses as a final resort towards the implications of his personal errors. To get out of the bloody deadlock, Mr. Macron, who isn’t precisely inclined to self-criticism, completely needed to provoke a course of pushing again the adoption of the constitutional textual content on the unfreezing of the voters, as many elected officers are asking him to do. , together with within the majority.

Read additionally | Article reserved for our subscribers New Caledonia: Edouard Philippe annoys the presidential camp

His promise, made Thursday in Nouméa, to not cross “ in power “ this reform goes in this direction and must be welcomed. Likewise, his wish to submit to a vote a possible future “ global agreement “, in different phrases to arrange a brand new referendum, sounds optimistic. Such a perspective, nonetheless, presupposes an settlement on the query of the voters, which itself appears unattainable with out the abandonment of the present constitutional revision undertaking. It additionally stays to be seen whether or not these bulletins will enable a restoration of order, and will likely be thought-about by the protagonists as adequate to permit the resumption of dialogue.

Read additionally | Article reserved for our subscribers New Caledonia: Emmanuel Macron’s three mediators to resume the dialogue

To obtain this, New Caledonia wants not solely a change in technique – the chief should admit that ultimatums and chin-ups result in nothing aside from violence – but in addition to lift the extent of its interlocutors, now not the Ministry of the Interior however the highest degree of the State, with the concept that the authorized rules in power in France should be tailored to permit ” emancipation » of the territory provided for by the Noumea Agreement of 1998.

For France, whose history in this area is punctuated by bloody failures, and for Emmanuel Macron, who described, in 2017, colonization as ” crime towards humanity “the challenge is immense: to succeed, in the 21ste century, decolonization.

The world

Reuse this content material

https://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2024/05/24/nouvelle-caledonie-changer-de-methode_6235249_3232.html