discovering the racialized imaginative and prescient of the world of the supporters of the RN | EUROtoday

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Book. Sociology of activists and its main executives, geography of voting, programmatic and semantic decryptions: French political science has constituted for ten years, round Marine Le Pen's occasion, a dense evaluation grid. The puzzle was unusually lacking a serious piece, the voice of voters, which the sociologist Félicien Faury involves pose with finesse. Fruit of his thesis and a subject survey carried out within the south-east of France between 2016 and 2022, Ordinary voters. Investigation into the normalization of the far proper (Threshold, 240 pages, 21.50 euros) takes critically the phrases of Lepénist voters.

Equipped with these verbatim, he dissects the mechanics of their vote to problem sure commonplaces relayed on tv units because the vote for the National Rally (RN) turns into commonplace: “vote of anger”, “cry of distress” », “clearance”? None of that, he assures: a logic underlies the political reasoning of RN voters. It is racial. “The aversion maintained towards ethnoracial minorities constitutes both the common denominator of the different fractions of the Lepenist electorate and the link between the different motivations of the RN voters”writes Félicien Faury, thus confirming what quantitative surveys repeat.

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By settling within the South-East, the political scientist and sociologist from Paris-Saclay University wished to interrupt with the media and political give attention to territories hit by deindustrialization. And examine what constitutes the majority of the Lepenist troops: the decrease center class, economically stabilized – non-relocatable employment, proprietor of their dwelling –, poorly certified.

” Dominant position “

His conversations with voters reveal “common logics”a report back to the world which factors in the direction of the Le Pen vote. “The tax, school and residential scenes become the theaters of racialized social competitions, in which minority groups, constructed and essentialized as such, are perceived and judged as illegitimate competitors”, describes the creator. The pervasiveness of this worldview within the neighborhood or at work legitimizes the Le Pen vote, depriving it of its stigma of extremism and, in the end, strengthening it.

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In the autumn of 2023, a debate opposed two interpretations of the favored vote for the RN, which could be summarized as follows: on the one hand, the economists Julia Cagé and Thomas Piketty, authors of a quantity of electoral geography (A historical past of political battle, Seuil, 2023), for whom socio-economic inequalities are the primary determinant of the RN vote; on the opposite, the pollster from the French Institute of Public Opinion, Jérôme Fourquet, who, in France after. Political desk (Threshold, 2023), underlined the primacy of the query of identification.

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