“Find the right recipe to finance innovation” | EUROtoday

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Antonin Bergeaud, associate professor at HEC Paris.

Antonin Bergeaud, 35 years outdated, is likely one of the three nominated, aside from the winner Alexandra Roulet, for the Best Young Economist Prize 2024. Bringing collectively representatives of the Cercle des Economistes and the Worldthe jury highlights the work of researchers in utilized economics and helps promote public debate.

Also learn our interview | Article reserved for our subscribers Alexandra Roulet, winner of the Best Young Economist Prize 2024: “Unemployment insurance involves a moral hazard”

What paths led you to analysis in economics?

I first adopted a reasonably commonplace scientific path. When I used to be a scholar on the Ecole Polytechnique, I had the chance to do a analysis internship on the Banque de France, alongside [l’économiste] Gilbert This. For six months, we labored on the productiveness hole between Europe and the United States over a protracted interval, utilizing out there knowledge. This allowed me to understand that we will, with a small group, do analysis on essential questions, which contact on public coverage topics, with an anchor in actuality. This is much less the case when doing medical analysis, for instance: the groups are a lot bigger, the monetary stakes larger.

Your current analysis focuses on productiveness, a theme you entered into via the query of innovation…

After a thesis on the London School of Economics on the impact of improvements on inequalities, below the supervision of Philippe Aghion, I returned to the Banque de France to do analysis on financial development. Currently, my work goals to grasp easy methods to greatest stimulate innovation to affect productiveness. This is a query that has very important impacts: in France, for instance, public spending on analysis and improvement represents roughly 18 billion euros per 12 months, together with 7 billion euros for the analysis tax credit score.

How ought to this cash be allotted to attain optimistic results on innovation? The goal is to attain a comparatively easy “recipe” for allocating this analysis and improvement funding. To obtain this, we, for instance, labored on the LabEx venture. Established in 2010, it consisted of distributing 1.5 billion euros in funding between 171 analysis laboratories in France, encouraging them to arrange partnerships with the non-public sector. We realized that by primarily focusing on universities relatively than corporations, we truly make it potential to achieve particular corporations which have the strongest capability to collaborate with analysis labs and subsequently improve their analysis efforts. 'innovation.

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