“We do not see any urgency in implementing a new reform of unemployment compensation” | EUROtoday

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Lhe Minister of Labor, Catherine Vautrin, introduced, on May 17, the principle traces proposed by the manager to as soon as once more reform unemployment insurance coverage, thus regaining management of the union and employer organizations.

The goal set for the evolution of the principles is to realize full employment. The hyperlink thus made between reform of compensation rights and full employment is predicated on two hypotheses. First, unemployment compensation guidelines would have a significant impact on the habits of job seekers when it comes to resuming skilled exercise. Second, an acceleration of the return to work of the unemployed would have a significant impact on the amount of jobs accessible.

Although they could appear believable, these two hypotheses are in actuality not apparent: job search and hiring habits have many different determinants than unemployment compensation guidelines (wants of the economic system , coaching, private conditions).

Also learn the editorial | Unemployment insurance coverage: a reform with a bitter style

Likewise, an acceleration within the return to employment can definitely end in a discount in unemployment, however this can be short-lived resulting from a change within the situations of labor rotation (longer contracts). quick, much less good adaptation between the missions of the place and the talents of the staff, extra frequent forwards and backwards between employment and unemployment). Between completely different potential mechanisms with doubtlessly contradictory results, solely a exact evaluation of the labor market could make it potential to determine.

Incompressible deadline

However, the French labor market has simply undergone main reforms, the results of which on employment haven’t but been assessed. The results on the extent of compensation are definitely identified (lower within the variety of compensation recipients and the common compensation); there are some indications of sectoral adjustments (notably within the case of seasonal employees). But the general results are nonetheless to be decided.

However, evaluations of the 2019-2021 reform are exactly underway. Commissioned by the Ministry of Labor, they’re carried out by groups of impartial researchers, underneath the management of a scientific committee chargeable for certifying their high quality. The traits of unemployment insurance coverage clarify an incompressible delay of a number of months for the info to be accessible earlier than it may be analyzed. The publication of the primary outcomes is deliberate for the top of 2024.

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The want to hold out evaluations was offered as a central aspect through the dialogue of the regulation on unemployment insurance coverage. Of course, public coverage has its personal autonomy and doesn’t all the time require prior scientific validation, however reasoned public motion, similar to democratic debate, can’t be happy with a successive accumulation of reforms in a really quick time, with out even take the time to study classes from earlier reforms.

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