Mexico votes for its first “president”. Sheinbaum and Galvez are the 2 candidates | EUROtoday

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The Apache known as the Mexicans “nakaiye,” “those who come and go.” The final American Indians, who nonetheless dwell right this moment on reservations in Arizona and New Mexico, are the great-grandsons of extremely expert and fearless warriors, and likewise possessed glorious analytical expertise, a minimum of within the sociological subject. Mexicans come and go and the problem of migration, 300 years later, stays dominant within the presidential elections going down in Mexico right this moment. Where, no matter occurs, a girl will occupy the seat of “president” and lead the second largest Latin American financial system (the primary is Brazil): the 2 candidates within the working are Claudia Sheinbaum, former mayor of the capital, progressive of the Morena Party, and Xochitl Galvez, candidate of a center-right grouping. Both 61 years outdated, each engineers. The polls, nonetheless, don’t assign any chance of victory to Jorge Alvarez Maynez, who leads the Movimiento Ciudadano, a extra centrist checklist.

Two 61 12 months olds, each engineers

Sheinbaum is credited because the possible winner, additionally for being the “dauphin” of the incumbent president Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (Amlo). The Mexican financial system is recording average development, definitely increased than that of different Latin American international locations. The 2023 GDP grew by 3.1% and this 12 months, though reducing, ought to strategy 2.4%. Amlo's Mexico benefited from American nearshoring, or re-localization near Washington's industrial pursuits. The Biden Administration has reshaped its commerce coverage favoring the international locations of the American continent, to the detriment of China. For this purpose, Mexico turned the United States' first associate in 2023, bypassing China. Not solely that, with a really low unemployment charge (2.6%) and a rise in actual wages of 100% (from 2018 to right this moment) and with 36 billion {dollars} in direct investments from overseas, Amlo is attaining outcomes that please the institution of the whole continent.

The inter-oceanic railway

Another level in favor of the outgoing president Amlo is the Corredor Transistimico, a big infrastructure mission that may join the 2 oceans, the Atlantic and the Pacific. A railway that would develop into aggressive, in keeping with the financiers of the Panama Canal mission which Amlo defines as “saturated”, nonetheless in issue as a result of shortage of water crucial for its full use. A primary part was already inaugurated final December and Amlo praised it thus: «Project dreamed of for hundreds of years by presidents, kings, politicians and governors». Along the railway route, 12 industrial facilities shall be constructed, strategic for the Mexican financial system. Yet the Mexican emergency is the violence that grips the nation and has brought on 180 thousand deaths in 6 years, a dramatic document that generates, for a left-wing president, probably the most painful of penalties: some Mexican jurists configure the issue as a “shaking pillar ” and which calls into question the very existence of a “rule of law”.

Mexico, the Mayan train project is destroying the underground caves of Quintana Roo

The “security” emergency

The security crisis and the increasingly pervasive power of Narcos are a key point. In the midst of the electoral campaign, just 5 days ago another murder was recorded: Alfredo Cabrera, candidate of the Pri-Pan-Prd coalition for mayor of Coyuca de Benítez, in the Mexican state of Guerrero, was murdered by gunshots at end of the closing event of his electoral campaign. The analyzes published by Unam, the prestigious University of Mexico City, do not deny the commitment of Amlo who has applied a project to reduce violence, trying to heal and rebuild the social fabric of the most degraded areas of the country. He did it with social programs and support for the vulnerable, but he did not declare war on the Mexican cartels. For this reason his policies were judged insufficient.

The migratory node

The migration issue remains unresolved, due to its complexity and involvement of other neighboring countries. Certainly, the 7,000 desperate people who cross the Mexican border into the United States every day are replicating the odysseys of their parents and grandparents. While the Zapatista legacy has left no tangible signs. Born 30 years ago, in 1994, with the ambition of influencing Mexican politics, it dissolved. Sub-commander Marcos, who left the scene and then returned last autumn with the rank of Captain, does not touch the hearts of the Mexicans. To think that some tourists in January 1994, transiting through Chapas, had to change their route. This is the motivation of the Zapatista Army: «The road to Palenque is closed and we have taken Ocosingo. Sorry but this is a revolution.”