Has France already succeeded in its power transition, as Jordan Bardella says? | EUROtoday

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The president of the RN, Jordan Bardella, during a speech in Paris on June 2.

This put up is taken from the e-newsletter ” Human warmth “, despatched each Tuesday at 12:30 p.m. Every week, journalist Nabil Wakim, who hosts the Chaleur Humaine podcast, solutions questions from Internet customers on the local weather problem. You can register at no cost by clicking right here.

The query of the week

“Hello, I heard Jordan Bardella from the RN clarify that France was the perfect local weather pupil, because it has already made its power transition because of nuclear energy. Is it true ? » Question requested by JL to the deal with chaud humaine@lemonde.fr

My reply : This is a deceptive shortcut. France really developed a big nuclear fleet within the Seventies and Eighties, which permits it to provide electrical energy that emits few greenhouse gases. But this forgets that electrical energy solely represents 1 / 4 of power consumption in France and that the remaining, notably transport, is predicated on large imports of oil and fuel.

1/What did Jordan Bardella say?

The National Rally candidate for the European elections used this argument a number of instances through the marketing campaign. For instance, throughout this interview with Politico in March, he defined: “France, principally, has made its power transition. Because because of nuclear energy we’ve got a CO emissions charge2 globally among the many lowest on the earth. France has 0.2% CO emissions2. The United States and China collectively are 30%. »

He had already spoken about it in a speech to the European Parliament in April 2023 during which he mentioned: “There is a rustic that has achieved its power transition in simply 20 years. This nation is France. The France of General de Gaulle and President Pompidou, which was in a position to change its complete use of coal with nuclear power. »

2/Why is it fallacious?

The growth of nuclear energy in France within the Seventies and Eighties successfully made it attainable to massively cut back the usage of fossil fuels, and particularly coal, within the manufacturing of electrical energy. For this sector, emissions have, in actual fact, decreased. But electrical energy is simply a part of power: it solely represents 25% of our power combine. The relaxation is essentially composed of oil (for transport particularly) and fuel (for heating and trade). (All that is nicely defined on this Carbone 4 Q&A)

As France developed nuclear energy, it additionally massively elevated its power consumption. The transport sector, particularly, has developed quite a bit: we drive extra, we fly extra, and so forth. However, the very concept of ​​the transition is to do away with fossil fuels, oil, coal and fuel (as Jordan Bardella himself says on this speech).

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