when can we vote within the 27 member states? | EUROtoday

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Early voting in Espoo, Finland on May 29, 2024.

It is a ritual nicely anchored within the minds of French residents: Sunday June 9 is a voting day, and the primary estimates might be recognized from 8 p.m. Then normally observe the official outcomes, which might be adjusted till late within the night.

Four hundred million voters are referred to as to the polls to elect the 720 members of the European Parliament, making it a very powerful transnational election on this planet. However, the voting course of is just not the identical all through the European Union (EU): on voting day, the opening hours of polling stations and the announcement of outcomes are as much as every Member State.

In truth, six of the Twenty-Seven don’t vote on Sunday. The Dutch are the primary to go to the polls, on Thursday, to decide on their 33 European deputies. We by no means vote on Sunday within the kingdom. The authorities justifies this resolution by its want to see as many individuals as attainable participate within the vote: for non secular causes, Friday, Saturday and Sunday are excluded, to be able to make sure that training residents can take part within the vote with out being prevented by non secular imperatives.

The Netherlands votes first

For virtually 100 years, the Dutch have voted on Wednesdays. Schools are sometimes used as polling stations, as in France. Many of them don’t welcome college students on Wednesday afternoon, which is meant to make sure attendance at these polling stations.

However, the act referring to the election of members of the European Parliament stipulates that this vote should happen in every EU nation throughout a interval beginning on Thursday and ending on Sunday. The Netherlands due to this fact opted for Thursday. Dutch electoral regulation requires employers to make sure that each worker can vote on election day. This is just not a assure of excessive participation: in 2019, 41.9% of the Dutch voted in these elections, in comparison with 50.7% within the EU as an entire.

Europeans: four days of voting

Then come the Irish on Friday, then the Latvians, the Maltese and the Slovaks on Saturday. Czechs have two days to vote, Friday and Saturday, and Italians Saturday and Sunday.

In a number of French abroad communities (Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon, Saint-Barthélemy, Saint-Martin, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Guyana, French Polynesia and for French folks established on the American continent), the vote is being held on Saturday .

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The twenty-one different member states will shut the European elections on Sunday. However, opening hours of polling stations range from one nation to a different.

In the vast majority of circumstances, they open within the morning and shut on the finish of the afternoon. However, they shut at 2 p.m. in Belgium, Luxembourg and the Czech Republic, and at 11 p.m. in Italy. In France, polls will open at 8 a.m. and shut at 6 p.m., besides in sure massive cities the place it’s attainable to vote till 8 p.m.

Early voting in Malta, Portugal and Finland

Voting is obligatory in 4 international locations: Belgium, Greece, Bulgaria and Luxembourg. The obligation applies to nationals and EU residents registered on the electoral lists of those international locations. But sanctions towards abstainers, after they exist, are not often utilized.


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In Malta and Portugal, 1000’s of residents took half on Saturday 1er and Sunday, June 2, to an early vote. This is the case for 10,000 Maltese and 250,000 Portuguese. Initially reserved for folks hospitalized or touring overseas on polling day, this process has been prolonged to all residents of those international locations. Early voting additionally occurred in Finland between May 29 and May 1er June, reserved for eligible voters, particularly folks with decreased mobility, a few of whom can vote at house.

Estonia, a rustic on the forefront of digital expertise, is the one one to permit its residents to vote on-line, from Monday at 9 a.m. to Saturday at 8 p.m. The vote will then happen bodily on Sunday.

Postal voting is permitted in 13 EU international locations, largely to allow residents dwelling overseas to vote. This is especially the case in Germany, Spain and Nordic international locations akin to Denmark. In France, postal voting is barely licensed for prisoners.

Estimates as quickly as polling stations shut

Five international locations authorize voting by proxy, for all voters (France, Netherlands, Belgium) or just for aged or disabled voters who can not journey (Poland, Sweden). This methodology permits you to ask one other voter to vote in your home.

Read additionally | European elections 2024: how and the place to make your proxy earlier than the vote on June 9?

Furthermore, on Sunday, Belgians won’t solely elect their representatives to the European Parliament: legislative and regional elections might be held on the identical time, to be able to renew the nationwide Parliament in addition to the 5 regional and group parliaments.

In the vast majority of Member States, polls geared toward estimating the outcomes after polling stations have closed are printed on the European Parliament web site in addition to by nationwide polling institutes. No official outcome, even partial, should be communicated by the States earlier than the top of the vote on June 9. We should wait till the final polling stations shut, Sunday at 11 p.m. in Italy, to publish them.

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Member States are, nevertheless, licensed to publish estimates as quickly as their polling stations shut. In France, these first estimates might be given at 8 p.m. The European Parliament will publish, thanks to those first estimates, a projection of seats sooner or later Hemicycle, which might be repeatedly up to date till the ultimate outcomes.

The nationwide authorities of every Member State should talk to the European Parliament the names of the elected deputies as quickly because the vote is closed, after having verified that there are not any incompatibilities of mandates. In France, the nationwide fee for the overall census of votes must proclaim the outcomes earlier than June 13 at midnight.

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