“The most reasonable compromise solution is independence in partnership” | EUROtoday

Get real time updates directly on you device, subscribe now.

Igreater than ten years in the past, on October 11, 2013, an official report, entitled “Reflections on the institutional future of New Caledonia”, was submitted to the Prime Minister on the time, Jean-Marc Ayrault. Its authors, State Councilor Jean Courtial and jurist Ferdinand Mélin-Soucramanien, distinguished 4 potential exits from the Nouméa Agreement (1998-2021): sustained autonomy, prolonged autonomy, full sovereignty with partnership and full sovereignty with out partnership. Each choice was explored and the political, social and authorized points which may come up had been examined intimately.

Also learn the column | Article reserved for our subscribers Lionel Jospin: “In New Caledonia, the head of state must avoid the temptation of an ultimatum”

There is little doubt, upon studying the report, that essentially the most affordable compromise answer is full sovereignty with partnership. This path permits the Kanak folks to regain their sovereignty alienated by colonization since France took possession of the archipelago in 1853. However, latest occasions show that the Kanaks won’t ever hand over this declare. At the identical time, the hyperlink with France isn’t damaged however profoundly renewed, as a result of it’s now primarily based on equality and respect, and not on relations of domination which have their roots within the colonial interval.

So that no resident feels deserted, shut and lasting relations stay between the 2 sovereign states, corresponding to twin nationality for individuals who want it. France continues to supply high quality public companies (medical doctors, lecturers, magistrates), in alternate for the train of sure sovereign powers that New Caledonia freely decides to entrust to it, for instance protection or forex. This partnership might be engraved in stone within the Constitutions of each international locations. If one demonstrates intelligence, creativeness and political will, something might be mentioned and invented.

Completed type of decolonization

Similar political fashions exist already elsewhere: Monaco with France, Liechtenstein with Switzerland or, nearer to New Caledonia, the Federated States of Micronesia with the United States. Faced with China's expansionist needs on this area of the world, independence in privileged partnership with France would most likely be the most effective assure for the archipelago of not falling into Chinese arms: Emmanuel Macron's Indo-Pacific technique may then deploy in a peaceable context. Unlike what is occurring earlier than our eyes, the place France is now being singled out, regionally and internationally, as a colonial energy from one other time.

You have 54.49% of this text left to learn. The relaxation is reserved for subscribers.