Macron calls legislative elections in France after Le Pen's overwhelming victory within the European elections | European elections 2024 | News | EUROtoday

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The overwhelming victory this Sunday of the French excessive proper within the European elections and the humiliating defeat of Emmanuel Macron's supporters have unleashed a political disaster with unpredictable penalties. The president, after figuring out a end result that offers one in three votes to the National Regroupment (RN) of Marine Le Pen, introduced the dissolution of the National Assembly and the calling of early legislative elections.

The determination took the nation and even a great a part of the Macronist leaders without warning. The French are known as to the polls to elect their deputies on June 30 within the first spherical and on July 7 within the second. The future Prime Minister and Government will emerge from this National Assembly. The marketing campaign and its outcomes will coincide with the ultimate preparations for the Paris Olympic Games, which open on July 26 and through which France intends to supply one of the best picture of itself to the world.

If the results of the European elections in France has already triggered a political earthquake, the speculation of Le Pen's celebration coming to energy in one of many two central nations of the EU – the opposite being Germany – attracts hitherto unknown situations and, For many, disturbing. Although in France it’s the president who offers with worldwide politics, the arrival to the Government of a celebration reluctant to assist Ukraine and with a practice of ties with Vladimir Putin's Russia wouldn’t be innocuous.

Macron's supporters kind the primary group within the National Assembly. But for the reason that 2022 legislative elections, the Macronists have ruled by decree as they lack an absolute majority within the chamber. Some polls, strengthened by the outcomes of the European elections, point out that the intense proper of the RN, at the moment the primary opposition group, may turn into the primary parliamentary power and select to elect a major minister of its coloration.

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“I cannot act, at the end of this day, as if nothing had happened,” Macron justified in a speech to the nation, earlier than saying the parliamentary dissolution and new elections. “This decision is an act of trust, of trust in you, dear compatriots, and in the ability of the French people to make the most just decision for themselves and for future generations.”

The president defended that “there is nothing more republican than giving the floor to the sovereign people.” He defined that “a fever has taken over public and parliamentary debate in recent years (…), a disorder.” And he added: “France needs a clear majority to act in serenity and harmony.” Le Pen applauded Macron's determination and declared: “We are ready to exercise power.”

Marine Le Pen and the European candidate of the National Rally, Jordan Bardella, on their way to the platform to address their supporters, this Sunday in Paris.
Marine Le Pen and the European candidate of the National Rally, Jordan Bardella, on their strategy to the platform to deal with their supporters, this Sunday in Paris. Sarah Meyssonnier (REUTERS)

Although the end result of the European elections in France has been a shock, the end result, predicted for weeks by the polls, has not been a shock in any respect. The RN, with the younger and highly effective Jordan Bardella as the top of the checklist, has obtained 32.4% of votes, in line with the estimate of the Ifop institute for the TF1 community, virtually 10 factors greater than in 2019. The RN will probably be the primary delegation of a nationwide celebration within the new European Parliament.

The Renaissance candidacy, Macron's supporters led by MEP Valérie Hayer, has achieved lower than half the votes of the far proper, 15.2%. Five years in the past he acquired 22.4%.

In third place was the checklist of the Socialist Party and Public Square, headed by the chief of this small formation, Raphaël Glucksmann, with 14.3%. It is a ray of hope for French social democracy, virtually disappeared throughout the Macron years and a minority on the left because of the hegemony of La France Insoumise (LFI), the sovereignist and eurosceptic celebration of Jean-Luc Mélenchon. LFI will get 8.3%.

To discover a victory of comparable dimensions to Bardella's checklist, we should return to 1984. That yr, a coalition of center-right events led by Simone Veil, a survivor of Auschwitz, received the European elections in France, with 43% of the vote. architect of the legalization of abortion in his nation and first president of the European Parliament. The winners of at the moment are their adversaries from then: the rising National Front of the eighties, an outdated extremely celebration based, amongst others, by collaborators with Nazi Germany, and predecessor of the present RN.

It is frequent for voters to make use of the European elections to sanction whoever is in energy: Le Pen's folks already received the European elections in 2014 and 2019. In no case, nevertheless, did they achieve this with as a lot margin as 9-J. And that is what has set off all of the alarms within the Elysée and has precipitated the president's determination.

The very massive victory of the RN is a huge step in its ambition to be thought of a dependable and acceptable celebration within the French political panorama. The end result proves that it has definitively damaged the dams that stored it on the margins of political centrality, and that it has consolidated itself as a most popular possibility in a great a part of the socioeconomic and demographic classes.

In the RN they’re satisfied that this result’s “the first step towards the Elysée,” an official from this celebration mentioned on the eve of the vote. Macron's time period ends in 2027 and he can’t run once more. The legislative ones, and the potential for France having a major minister from a celebration that a couple of years in the past lived in ostracism, could be one other gigantic step, maybe decisive. Bardella appears like prime minister. Le Pen has at all times mentioned that she would reserve herself for the presidency.

But Macron's entourage insists that nothing is determined. “Come on [a estas legislativas] to win them,” they say. These sources, who request anonymity, assure that they will seek “a majority to act forcefully in favor of the French.” And they rule out placing themselves in a cohabitation scenario. That is, a President Macron, who came to power in 2017 with the banner of Europeanism and the fight against populism and the extreme right, working hand in hand with a prime minister of the RN.

Now begins a campaign in which it will be at stake whether, for the first time since 1945, France has a Government with a party whose roots lie partly in collaborationist France, although it has renounced them. Some prominent Macronists, such as the current Foreign Minister, Stéphane Séjourné, promote avoiding the victory of the extreme right by presenting joint candidacies of the central arc parties, from the Socialist Party to the moderate right.

Macron's entourage speaks of his boss's “audacity” to describe the call for elections, audacity that, they say, “has at all times been within the DNA of Macronism.” Others, in the opposition, accuse the president of recklessness in risking bringing the extreme right to the doors of power. “He plays with fire,” according to the leader of the radical left Mathilde Panot. Or “play Russian roulette”, in the words of the former presidential candidate of the moderate right, Valérie Pécresse.

There is a precedent for failed dissolution: that of then-president Jacques Chirac in 1997, which led to a victory for the socialist opposition and five years of cohabitation with Prime Minister Lionel Jospin. But neither Le Pen nor Bardella, obviously, are Jospin. Macron has launched the country into the most uncertain campaign in recent times, a campaign whose outcome will determine the legacy of his presidency and the direction of France, and Europe.

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