“The dissolution of the National Assembly is undoubtedly linked to the production of a democratic order” | EUROtoday

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Emmanuel Macron, Mallarmé in politics? We will do not forget that in 1897 the poet had revealed A throw of the cube won’t ever abolish probability. Impenetrable at first studying, the textual content seems as a reward of contingency. Never has its translation into the political area appeared so apparent. Never ? Even. One factor is definite: the multiplication of feedback accompanying the night announcement of the President of the Republic paperwork what a dissolution of the National Assembly pronounced with out firing a shot says in regards to the democratic functioning and the meanings with which it’s endowed. He solely needed to take heed to the reactions the place the “clap of thunder” competed with “stunning” to measure what the political area can also be: a framework the place the trade of blows is a part of the lexicon and the properties of the political professionals.

Reducing the dissolution of June 9 to the only tactic of a mid-term president confronted with a “democracy of distrust” and taking part in his playing cards in his stride can not, nonetheless, account for what a dissolution is: much less a occasion, if by this we imply a “break in intelligibility”, than a trivialized observe of energy.

Article 12 of the Constitution of October 4, 1958 [qui permet au président de la République de dissoudre l’Assemblée nationale] was put collectively at the price of quite a few transactions. After General de Gaulle had conditioned the query of the autonomy of presidential energy on a proper to dissolve, furthermore with out countersignature. And, even when this provision will in all probability not profit from the general public recognition of the well-known 49.3, it’s a protected wager that its viewers will probably be elevated tenfold relying on the electoral verdict of the subsequent legislative elections.

Also learn the decryption | Article reserved for our subscribers Dissolution of the Assembly: Emmanuel Macron's high-risk wager to relaunch his five-year time period after the failure within the European elections

We may also have observed: few actors observe the truth that the usage of article 12 is also a milestone in a mirrored image on the institutional types of a renovated democracy. It is extra the timing chosen which circumstances the criticism: intermediate elections which some all of the sudden shade with Europeanness to disqualify the presidential determination, whereas most French folks have expressed themselves on basically French points. And, much more, the outcomes to come back. Nothing however quite common.

Proscribed beneath the French Revolution

Conceived and perceived as a method for relegitimizing energy, a “political weapon” earlier than being one of many gadgets of the democratic palette (in the identical manner because the referendum), dissolution can also be a software for politicization. The most up-to-date, that of 1997, which noticed Jacques Chirac seize it and provide to the crushed left two years earlier to commute its defeat into an “electoral surprise”, hardly escaped it.

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https://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2024/06/12/laurent-le-gall-historien-la-dissolution-de-l-assemblee-nationale-a-incontestablement-partie-liee-avec-la-production-d-un-ordre-democratique_6239059_3232.html