The Brazilian Congress analyzes equating authorized abortion after the twenty second week to murder | EUROtoday

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The Chamber of Deputies of Brazil authorised on Wednesday night time to urgently course of a controversial invoice that equates authorized abortion with murder if the interruption is carried out after the twenty second week of gestation. There are three causes now protected by regulation: rape, threat to the lifetime of the pregnant girl and anencephaly (the fetus lacks a mind). The proposal is a part of an ultra-conservative offensive in Congress, the place the president, the leftist Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and his allies are within the minority, and has the assist of the three strongest parliamentary teams: these of the Bible, the Bullet and the Ox, that’s, the evangelical, the agricultural sector and the defenders of weapons.

The invoice, which could possibly be voted on in plenary session as early as subsequent week, offers for sentences of between 6 and 20 years in jail for ladies who bear a authorized abortion after week 22. The present penalty for a Illegal being pregnant termination ranges from 1 to three years. Activists in protection of ladies's proper to resolve warn that, if the tightening is authorised, it might imply {that a} raped girl could possibly be punished with twice as a lot jail as her attacker as a result of in Brazil the penalty for rape is 10 years. It would additionally exceed the penalties for unintentional murder, theft, theft, drug and weapons trafficking.

As night time fell, a whole lot of ladies – and lots of males – gathered on Paulista Avenue, the primary avenue in São Paulo, to protest. Among essentially the most chanted slogans, “the girl is not a mother, the rapist is not a father.” For retiree Maria, 80, the proposal “punishes girls and women, and supports rapists,” she says, earlier than mentioning an important issue: “We elected a progressive government, but we are in an absolute minority in Congress.” ”. The midwife scholar Mariana Borges, 27, has include a number of companions. “We fight for social and reproductive justice,” she explains. She considers that the venture in query quantities to “denying the right to health and a full life.”

Legal abortions (about 2,000 yearly) are a tiny a part of these carried out, estimated at round a million. More than 150,000 Brazilian girls had been hospitalized in 2021 resulting from spontaneous abortions or issues ensuing from clandestine terminations.

The Minister of Women, Cida Gonçalves, has criticized the venture in an official notice. She says she “revictimizes girls and women who are victims of rape and imposes even more barriers to access to legal abortion.” She additionally recalled a stunning truth: 38 ladies beneath the age of 14 grow to be moms daily in Brazil, that’s, within the eyes of the regulation they might have the correct to abort as victims of rape.

Brazil was a pioneer in Latin America in legislating abortion in 1940, however its neighbors have lengthy since taken the lead. In current years, girls's reproductive rights have made vital advances in crucial international locations within the area, akin to Argentina, Mexico, Colombia or Chile. The first three have decriminalized the voluntary interruption of being pregnant, both by way of parliamentary or judicial means.

The Chilean president, Gabriel Boric, has simply introduced a proposal to legalize abortion in his nation, simply seven years after he lifted absolutely the veto to permit three grounds. Contrary to the area on this matter, in Brazil the battle is to not increase the correct however to ensure that the regulation is complied with. In that it’s extra aligned with the United States.

Brazilian evangelical parliamentarians are concurrently selling a proposal to toughen the drug regulation. They are attempting on this case and in that of abortion to reverse selections adopted by the Supreme Court, much less conservative than Parliament. It is an institutional battle round two of the primary banners of the ultra-conservatives, who’re dedicated to authorized tightening in each points pushed by the rising energy and membership of the evangelical Churches.

For President Lula and the Workers' Party, it is a politically poisonous concern. Although within the final electoral marketing campaign he defended that abortion ought to be handled as a public well being concern, now that Lula is president he prefers to keep away from the problem.

The technique of approving the urgency of the abortion invoice was most atypical, regardless of the depth of what’s at stake. His honorable Members aired the matter in 23 seconds by assent, with out debate or vote regardless of the protests of the parliamentarians of the far-left Socialism and Freedom Party (PSOL). One of her deputies, Erika Hilton, managed to mobilize the primary fan golf equipment of artists like Anitta or Madonna on social networks to boost her voice towards the equation of authorized abortion with murder.

The Brazilian Congress is essentially the most masculine within the area. Women solely occupy 17% of the seats, a scenario that locations it gentle years away, for instance, from the second most populous Latin American nation, Mexico. The northern neighbors have simply elected their subsequent president between two girls and, because of the quotas carried out and revered years in the past, parliamentarians are round 50%.

The parliamentary push to toughen abortion and drug legal guidelines coincides with a second of weak spot for President Lula. The Government and its allies are struggling to hold out their legislative agenda. This Wednesday it was realized that the Minister of Communications is being investigated for corruption and the Executive has needed to cancel resulting from irregularities the public sale to import rice and exchange the availability misplaced within the devastating floods of Rio Grande do Sul.

Ana Luzia, a 45-year-old secretary, goes to the protest in São Paulo outraged. “My concern is that it will be voted on and approved or that it will be saved to be voted on at a time when the lights are not on or we are not mobilized.” All these interviewed hope that, if Congress approves the initiative, President Lula will veto it.

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