Draghi defends elevating tariffs within the EU towards China's overproduction | Economy | EUROtoday

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Mario Draghi, the person who saved the euro in 2012 with three phrases in English (Whatever it takes, which in Spanish means “whatever it takes”), helps growing tariffs in Europe within the face of the specter of a China that in a short while could have the capability to flood the world with important merchandise within the local weather transition at a really low price. . It isn’t concerning the EU going from international standard-bearer of free commerce to indiscriminate protectionism, she argues. The former president of the ECB is betting on this nuclear button of commerce coverage – ​​additionally for granting subsidies – when international locations or areas competing within the Union have generated “an unfair advantage [en el mercado] through industrial policies and exchange rate devaluations.” The Italian defended him within the Yuste monastery, in Cáceres, the place this Friday he acquired the Carlos V award. But the goal of his phrases was very removed from Extremadura: it was China, one thing evident within the week by which the European Commission introduced which can multiply, in some circumstances nearly by 5, what the Asian large's electrical automobiles pay after they arrive on the ports of the Old Continent.

“It has made us a spoiler [un adelanto]”, Felipe VI defined when listening to Draghi's speech. The king was referring to the report to improve the competitiveness of the EU that the great guru of the European economy is finalizing on behalf of the President of the Commission, Ursula von der Leyen. If the forecast is met, the full content of the report will be known in a few weeks, in July. Although the former Italian prime minister and former governor of the Bank of Italy also leaves clear clues about what he is going to propose. A couple of months ago, in La Hulpe (Belgium) he advocated for a “radical change”, moving away from austerity as much as possible and not cutting wages and labor rights – as happened 12 years ago – so that Europe is competitive. His bet is on massive investment to boost productivity.

And the Italian has continued walking down that path in Yuste. He has reiterated that Europe needs enormous amounts of money to improve energy transport networks and renew technological networks (5G and 6G), to promote innovation and research that give way to patents or to train and retrain workers who can adapt to a changing system. by the twin transitions, green and digital. The objective, as explained by the former vice president of the large investment bank Goldman Sachs, is for Europe to begin to close the productivity gap that has opened up in recent decades with competitors such as the United States.

As Draghi is more about numbers than letters, he has filled his speech with figures to think about: since 2020, European GDP per capita, measured in completely comparable terms, is a third lower than the American one and 70% of that hole can be attributed to the different evolution of productivity; the price of electricity in the EU is between two and three times more expensive than in the US; 70% of the foundational artificial intelligence models are American; 65% of the global cloud computing market is in the hands of three companies with their headquarters between Seattle (Washington) and San Francisco (California); five years ago China spent three times more on industrial policy than Germany and France, taking GDP as a reference… A waterfall of data to boost the reaction without sacrificing the European social model, because “for Europeans to take care of excessive ranges of social safety and redistribution isn’t negotiable,” this former official recalled.

So the EU wants assets: “Financing these investments will be a significant challenge, and will require us to rethink how to deploy public and private capital.” This time he didn’t wish to develop on “the enormous benefits of some form of common financing.” [de los Veintisiete]”. “I've done it many times in the past,” he burdened. For this cause, he has most popular to strengthen a few of the concepts that his compatriot Enricco Letta launched a few months in the past in his report on the only market, akin to the necessity to resort to non-public European financial savings or joint purchases by the Member States, one thing that’s has examined very efficiently through the pandemic with vaccines towards covid-19.

Reduce dependency

All these investments that it requires and this joint motion search, for instance, “a different approach [a la hecha hasta ahora] to industrial policy in strategic sectors such as defense, space, critical raw materials or pharmaceutical products.” “It also requires that we reduce our dependence on countries that we can no longer trust,” he burdened, defining in a single sentence the technique that the European Commission has been defending for months in the direction of China, the de-risking or keep away from taking dangers. “The first thing we need, therefore, is a common assessment of the geopolitical risks we face that is shared by all Member States and can guide our response,” he asks.

One of those dangers with nice financial affect is that, “by 2030 at the latest, Chinese photovoltaic panel manufacturing capacity is expected to double global demand and in the case of batteries it will at least equal it.” Draghi has not used the time period that so irritates Beijing, overcapacity, however it’s evident that he thinks the issue exists. He proposes to beat it that Europeans make an effort “to repair the damage caused to the multilateral world order.” But that resolution, which might contain getting the World Trade Organization out of the paralysis by which it’s mired, appears unimaginable with out the collaboration of the United States and China, and the Italian assumes it: “As you know, to dance a tango you need two and I'm not sure the others want to dance with us.”

The subsequent steps, subsequently, are to spice up “foreign direct investment so that industrial jobs do not leave Europe” and “use subsidies and tariffs to compensate for the unfair advantages created by industrial policies and exchange rate devaluations [de divisas]”. But this final path should be “pragmatic, prudent and consistent.” The device should be used “to maximize productivity growth”, distinguishing between real innovation and business doping via public insurance policies. “In addition, the creation of perverse incentives that undermine European industry should be avoided,” he added. “And, of course, tariffs must be balanced with the interests of consumers,” or in different phrases, making certain that they don’t set off costs, that are nothing greater than the compass that units the course of the ECB's financial coverage.

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https://elpais.com/economia/2024-06-15/draghi-defiende-subir-los-aranceles-en-la-ue-frente-a-la-sobreproduccion-de-china.html