Global spending on nuclear weapons grew by 13.4% in 2023 and the US accounted for greater than half | EUROtoday

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Global spending on nuclear weapons grew by 13.4% final 12 months to succeed in 91.4 billion {dollars} (about 85.382 million euros), greater than half of it disbursed by the United States, in keeping with the newest annual report of the Campaign. International to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN).

In a 2023 marked by the continuation of conflicts equivalent to that in Ukraine and the outbreak of latest ones such because the struggle in Gaza, the 9 international locations with confirmed atomic weapons (USA, China, Russia, United Kingdom, France, India, Israel, Pakistan and Korea of the North) invested a mean of 173,884 {dollars} per minute in this kind of weaponry.

By nation, the United States was the nation that spent probably the most cash on nuclear arsenal (51.5 billion {dollars}) with a complete of 5,044 nuclear weapons, effectively above China, the second within the rating with 11.9 billion {dollars} and a a lot bigger arsenal. decreased (500 nuclear weapons).

Despite the massive absolute figures when it comes to funding by the United States and China, ICAN states that two different nuclear-armed states, Russia and Israel, are answerable for the danger of nuclear weapons getting used being the very best since Cold War, because of its involvement within the conflicts in Ukraine and Gaza, respectively.

Israel invested 1.1 billion {dollars}

Although there isn’t a dependable details about its funding in nuclear weapons – on condition that the Israeli Government doesn’t publicly verify that it possesses atomic weapons – ICAN estimates that it devoted round 5% of its army finances to nuclear weapons.

According to this estimate, Israel was the seventh nation that spent probably the most cash final 12 months on nuclear weapons ($1.1 billion).

According to ICAN, a coalition of organizations that was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2017 for its activism in opposition to violence, Israel possesses round 90 nuclear weapons, which it might launch each by land-based missiles and from submarines. or airplanes.

It additionally considerably elevated its army spending by 24% final 12 months, primarily because of the large-scale offensive it has deployed in Gaza.

As for the remainder of the nuclear-armed international locations, Russia spent a complete of $8.3 billion final 12 months; the United Kingdom 8.1 billion; France 6.1 billion; India 2.7 billion; Pakistan 1,000 million and North Korea 586 million.

Five years of progress

ICAN, which yearly publishes its report on world nuclear spending, works to advertise the accession of all international locations to the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

Thus, within the 5 years because the report has been printed, annual spending on nuclear weapons has elevated by $23.2 billion, which represents a rise of 34% in comparison with 2019, the 12 months earlier than the start of this examine.

Specifically, the report estimates that The States with confirmed atomic weapons made a cumulative expenditure of 387,000 million {dollars} of their nuclear arsenals within the final 5 years.

According to researchers, this quantity is 27 billion greater than the entire quantity deliberate by the World Food Program (WFP) to finish world starvation earlier than 2030 ($360 billion).

Additionally, they warn that rising expertise, equivalent to Artificial Intelligence (AI), has the potential to extend the usage of nuclear weapons by accelerating the tempo of wars and decreasing decision-making time.

For this motive, ICAN insists that, though some nuclear-armed states nonetheless refuse to combine AI into nuclear management because of the dangers it represents, the one approach to stop the rise in the usage of this kind of weapons is eliminating them.


https://www.elmundo.es/internacional/2024/06/17/6670153221efa0be238b4595.html