Living with the parched land, a query of survival | Future Planet | EUROtoday

Get real time updates directly on you device, subscribe now.

Until now, the drama of desertification doesn’t appear to have mattered a lot to us. When we now have heard about it, it’s doable that, virtually routinely, we now have considered distant areas related to journey and danger tourism, such because the Sahara Desert in North Africa, the Gobi Desert between Mongolia and China, the Kalahari Desert in southern Africa or the Syrian Desert, which covers a number of international locations corresponding to Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Iraq.

However, in the present day desertification has gone past these areas labeled as deserts, to grow to be a worldwide drawback. The survival of our planet is at stake. Around 36% of the world's lands are degraded and 6% of them because of “extremely severe desertification”, in accordance with the UN. Every 12 months 100 million hectares of productive land are degraded. It is the results of phenomena corresponding to deforestation, overgrazing and unsustainable agricultural practices, salinization, chemical air pollution, mining and fossil fuels, amongst others. The state of affairs is more and more essential, since these practices are extra hostile and immediately hurt the local weather and worsen the issue of starvation on this planet, the place, in accordance with UN knowledge from 2023, some 281.6 million individuals suffered from meals insecurity. acute.

It is estimated that greater than half of humanity suffers the consequences of desertification, which not impacts solely arid and semi-arid areas, but in addition humid and sub-humid forested areas.

This drought-related desertification doesn’t solely have an effect on the land. It can also be altering the dwelling situations of hundreds of thousands of human beings. It is estimated that greater than half of humanity suffers the consequences of desertification, which not impacts solely arid and semi-arid areas, but in addition humid and sub-humid forested areas. Likewise, it deteriorates the productiveness of soils, limits the sorts of crops and reduces agricultural manufacturing and the reserves and high quality of groundwater. In addition, it reduces the earth's capability to soak up carbon, thereby accentuating the consequences of local weather change.

These are very critical threats, particularly for growing international locations, the place greater than 2.6 billion individuals reside who immediately rely on agriculture for his or her survival. And within the final 15 years, the rising hostility of the local weather, prompted partially by the advance of this desertification and drought, has pressured some 24.5 million individuals to desert their properties.

In the final 15 years, the rising hostility of the local weather, prompted partially by the advance of this desertification and drought, has pressured some 24.5 million individuals to desert their properties.

This dizzying advance of desertification and drought is just not coincidental. It is just not an remoted phenomenon, it’s a pure consequence of our financial system, which advocates limitless development based mostly on the overexploitation of finite pure assets, particularly water and land. The motto proposed by the UN – “United for the land: Our legacy. Our future” – reminds us that desertification and drought as international threats could be neutralized or alleviated with the participation and cooperation of all. It refers back to the dedication of residents, firms, governments and worldwide establishments to cease this harmful spiral.

Solutions in each day selections

Of course, we will all do one thing. Citizens are able to saving water; eat native and seasonal merchandise; purchase natural and honest commerce merchandise; average the consumption of pink meat; take part in reforestation and restoration actions of the pure surroundings… Our each day selections have a direct influence on whether or not or not the soil is degraded. Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) corresponding to Manos Unidas, which assist social and financial initiatives in Southern international locations, promote sustainable agricultural and livestock fashions higher tailored to their surroundings and in addition to extend land productiveness by ecological strategies. Governments and multilateral organizations must be extra per the dedication included within the 2030 Agenda to “protect the planet against degradation, through sustainable consumption and production, sustainable management of its natural resources and urgent measures to address change.” local weather”.

Only in this way can we stop desertification, soil degradation and the uncontrolled increase in droughts. And without a doubt, citizens and social organizations must influence the authorities to demand the transformation of destructive and exclusive policies into policies that generate life and sustainability.

You can follow Future Planet in X, Facebook, Instagram y TikTok and subscribe here a nuestra ‘newsletter’.


https://elpais.com/planeta-futuro/2024-06-17/convivir-con-la-tierra-reseca-una-cuestion-de-supervivencia.html