A examine warns of the impact of mass tourism on heritage | News from the Valencian Community | EUROtoday

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Calle del Miguelete in Valencia, which connects the Plaza de la Reina with the Plaza de la Virgen on one aspect of the cathedral, has a size of 100 meters and a width that, within the narrowest half, barely exceeds 5. The small highway has seen the passage of 215,000 individuals in a single day. In the chapel of the Holy Chalice, in the identical temple, the continual passage of 60 individuals for about three hours causes a excessive accumulation of CO2. The origin of each circumstances is mass tourism, on this case, throughout festive or summer season days. And the consequence, a situation within the stone and the frescoes, that’s, penalties towards the conservation of the heritage.

The PEGASO analysis middle of the Universitat Politècnica de València (UPV) has carried out a examine during which it warns of the “emerging need” to establish measures that assist assure the conservation of heritage buildings and enhance tourism administration, each of those buildings, in addition to the historic facilities of cities. Architects, engineers and tourism specialists have developed a mission, with the historic middle of Valencia as a testing floor, as a way to create a tourism planning protocol that contributes to the preservation of cultural heritage, avoiding overcrowding and crowds that might injury it. This saturation, they warn, may also trigger safety issues.

Researchers María José Viñals and Concepción López González have led the examine that started with laser scanning of the buildings via a know-how known as HBIM that permits us to see each micro a part of the buildings. In addition, it gives knowledge extracted from environmental sensors and estimation of the amount, density and conduct of individuals flows. The first goal is to estimate the carrying capability of the buildings, that’s, what’s the most variety of guests that this heritage aspect is able to supporting earlier than it’s negatively affected. “It depends on many factors, not only the number of people but also the design of the space itself, the percentage of humidity or the temperature,” says María José Viñals. The examine additionally permits setting predictive limits, as a way to alleviate the issue earlier than it happens. And the options, generally, are so simple as air flow, though there are areas that require as much as 4 hours for this CO2 discount to regular ranges to happen.

For the environments, know-how with cameras has been used that converts every individual right into a code and permits calculating the quantity of pedestrian visitors. “We allocate a minimum space for each person, although it also depends on whether they are alone or in a group, and we apply correction factors that allow us to determine what the maximum number of passers-by should be,” signifies María José Viñals, who emphasizes that saturation It may cause an actual safety downside, which fits far past the consolation of vacationers. Measurement and predictions, she factors out, may serve each police and tour guides to keep away from collapses.

Viñals highlights the truth that the architectural cultural heritage and the city surroundings the place it’s positioned are a defining aspect of the id of the societies that host it, however is conscious that also they are key drivers of the native economic system. “Therefore, its conservation and adequate management is essential to guarantee its survival over time and its transmission to future generations in good conditions, especially at a time like the present, with the problems of tourist saturation that historic cities suffer,” Explain.

Since final January, Valencia Cathedral has, on a number of days, exceeded the determine of two,600 guests. The temple is one in all three which have been the scene of the work and the place correct estimates of pedestrian visitors in public areas within the space have been obtained for the primary time. In addition to the cathedral, samples have been taken in two different non secular buildings: the church of San Juan del Hospital and the Royal College Seminary of Corpus Christi (Patriarca).

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https://elpais.com/espana/comunidad-valenciana/2024-06-18/un-estudio-alerta-de-la-afeccion-del-turismo-masivo-sobre-el-patrimonio.html