A research warns of the affect of mass tourism on historic heritage | EUROtoday

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A research led by the PEGASO Research Center of the Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV) warns of the “emerging need” to establish preventive measures that assist assure the conservation of heritage buildings and enhance the tourism administration of those properties and the historic facilities of the cities.

Carried out inside the framework of the mission HBIMSIG-TOURISMthe research has analyzed the affect of vacationer saturation on heritage belongings and public areas within the historic middle of Valencia and has developed a brand new platform for tourism planning of those areas.

This is without doubt one of the principal conclusions of the mission led by the researchers Mara Jos Vials y Concepción López González, based on the UPV. Its ultimate goal is to create a tourism planning protocol that contributes to the preservation of cultural heritage, avoiding overcrowding and crowds that might harm it and guaranteeing the bodily consolation and security of individuals.

Vials explains that “the architectural cultural heritage and the urban environment where it is located are a defining element of the identity of the societies that host it and also a key driver of the local economy.”

“Therefore, its conservation and adequate management is essential to guarantee its survival over time and its transmission to future generations in good conditions, especially at a time like the present, with the problems of tourist saturation that historic cities suffer,” he provides.

Plataforma HBIM-SIG

The UPV workforce has labored on new fashions that combine spatial info (SIG) e info on heritage architectural parts (HBIM), built-in into the HBIM-SIG platform. In it, they incorporate knowledge extracted from environmental sensors and estimates of the amount, density and conduct of individuals flows.

This info makes it doable to establish issues associated to the conservation of heritage parts and the consolation and security of individuals in public areas and within the interiors of buildings.

“The HBIM-SIG platform allows planning and managing public use for the development of tourism management tools that help estimate the carrying capacity of visitors both inside the buildings and in the adjacent streets,” highlights Concepción López González.

The historic middle of Valencia, testing floor

As a testing floor, the UPV workforce has labored within the historic middle of Valencia and has obtained for the primary time correct estimates of pedestrian site visitors in public areas within the space.

Specifically, it has targeted on three of probably the most distinctive non secular buildings within the metropolis: the Cathedralthe church of San Juan del Hospital and the Royal College Seminary of Corpus Christi (Patriarch) and its city environments.

If we speak about figures, for instance, on a particular date like March 19, the sensors registered 215,289 individuals circulating on Miguelete Street all through the day, a quantity that far exceeds that established within the carrying capability research of tourists carried out by the analysis workforce.

The research additionally detected excessive ranges of CO2 within the three non secular buildings when a lot of guests or parishioners are registered. Since January 2024, within the Valencia Cathedralthe determine of two,600 guests has been exceeded on some days.

“All this points to the emerging need to identify preventive measures for the conservation of architectural and artistic elements and to guarantee the physical comfort and safety of people as well as a quality visit and greater social sustainability for historic neighborhoods,” says Vials.

Currently, the UPV workforce is engaged on the implementation of early warning techniques for individuals saturation and restrict ranges of temperature, humidity and CO2 that might have an effect on heritage parts.

An worldwide convention on Heritage, Digital Technologies and Tourism Management

The conclusions of this mission shall be introduced on the International Congress on Heritage, Digital Technologies and Tourism Management – HEDIT-2024. organized by the UPV and which is able to happen in Valencia on June 20 and 21.

The congress will convey collectively famend worldwide researchers on this subject and quite a few teachers, in addition to managers interested by studying about new options to the rising issues derived from the vacationer saturation suffered by historic cities.