“Faced with the authoritarian nature of the far right, the cordon santé is also being played out in the media” | EUROtoday

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“The appetite for money and indifference to matters of grandeur had operated at the same time to give France a press which, with rare exceptions, had no other aim than to increase the power of a few and no other effect than to degrade the morality of all. It was therefore not difficult for this press to become what it was from 1940 to 1944, that is to say the shame of this country. »

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The editorial by journalist and resistance fighter Albert Camus published in Combat on August 31, 1944, which establishes a continuum between the press of the end of the IIIe Republic and the collaborationist press of the Second World War, resonates acutely today. Despite the obvious differences in political and media context, French society in the 1930s and that of the 2020s, faced with the rise of the far right, are going through a crisis not only political, but also moral, including certain media, because they have actively contributed to the polarization of society, cannot exonerate themselves.

In the 1930s, political polarization between left and right blocs favored the extreme right-wing of an already conservative press. and the revival of pamphleteering journalism increasingly fascinated by the authoritarian models of fascist Italy or Nazi Germany. In an information landscape dominated by a written opinion press of literary tradition, these newspapers had violently carried the charge against identified “enemies”: the communist left, the Republic, the Jews, and so forth.

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In the 2020s, media polarization, which has accelerated over the previous decade, is all of the extra harmful as a result of it advantages from a formidable mixture of sociocultural components. First there may be the laborious core of the polarization of public debate: the knowledge ecosystem constructed by Vincent Bolloré since his takeover of the Canal+ group in 2015. Bringing criticism into line inside the editorial employees, suppressing broadcasts of investigation and satire, multiplication of conversational applications breaking with the precept of honesty of data, distortion of the interior pluralism of currents of thought and opinion: we all know the milestones of the ideological work which succeeded in imposing a liberal-conservative agenda, which has develop into particularly liberal-reactionary because the “Zemmour sequence” (2019-2022).

Political undifferentiation

The Fox News case research present this effectively: media polarization is a lever for motion to strengthen the polarization of society, a needed situation for the shift or upkeep of the political steadiness of energy throughout an electoral occasion. The disqualification of the left is the cement of media co-production between the Macronist energy and the architects of a “union of the rights” round Vincent Bolloré. The behind the scenes of those video games of affect at the moment are revealed in broad daylight: the pinnacle of a Gaullist social gathering orchestrating his rallying to the acute proper with the billionaire, an Elysee advisor saying the dissolution to a CNews presenter earlier than the primary minister, and so forth.

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