Jordan Bardella's deceptive arguments on power costs, pensions and immigration | EUROtoday

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Jordan Bardella, president of the National Rally, at the meeting of leaders of European far-right parties, in Florence, December 3, 2023.

Lower the power invoice, revisit pension reform, cut back the rights of unlawful foreigners… Jordan Bardella developed the priorities of his program for the legislative elections of June 30 and July 7 throughout an interview on France 2, Tuesday June 18. Questioned about sure ambiguities in his speech, the chief of the National Rally (RN) developed a number of questionable arguments.

Shortcuts on power costs

What he mentioned

During the interview, Jordan Bardella mentioned decrease power payments could be his ” priority “ if he received the legislative elections. Asked concerning the feasibility of such a measure, in relation to European guidelines, the MEP claimed that it could be doable to scale back ” immediately “ the invoices of ” 30 % “utilizing two levers:

  1. A discount in VAT on electrical energy, gasoline, gasoline oil and gasoline “from the first weeks”through a amending finance invoice;
  2. A negotiation with the European Commission in an effort to “finding a French price for electricity, which automatically lowers bills. »

WHY IT’S MORE COMPLICATED

A European directive, revised in 2022, sets a European framework for setting VAT rates and allows reduced rates to be applied to gas and electricity. Jordan Bardella's proposal is therefore applicable for these two energies. But this is not the case for gasoline and diesel: European countries have agreed to prohibit VAT reductions on fuels, in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This measure would therefore contravene the directive and expose France to European litigation (and therefore to penalties), which the president of the RN ignores.

Decryption | How does your electricity bill rise?

Jordan Bardella's argument on the European electricity market is also simplistic. If France's bill has increased so much since 2022, it is both because of the energy crisis linked to the war in Ukraine and the difficulties of the French nuclear fleet. This situation has led the country to obtain supplies at high prices from its neighbors, even though it is traditionally an exporter. Production has since recovered, which led the Minister of the Economy Bruno Le Maire to promise a reduction in bills of 10% to 15% in February 2025. Furthermore, a large part of the price of electricity comes from taxes and costs for developing and maintaining the electricity network, which have nothing to do with the energy market itself.

A misleading calculation on pensions

What he said

The RN MEP said he wanted to repeal in the fall the pension reform adopted in 2023, which he considers unfair and above all economically ineffective. “This reform costs us money today”he assured, explaining that ” two-thirds “ individuals over 60 in France are “on RSA, unemployed or receiving a disability pension” and that the rise within the authorized retirement age “forces us to increase social spending”.

WHY IT’S MORE COMPLICATED

The query of pensions is the topic of a perpetual debate with figures, which is predicated on quite a few macroeconomic hypotheses, all of the extra fragile as we search to anticipate the long run scenario.

Jordan Bardella's speech stays confused in any case. First, it’s simple that the rise within the authorized retirement age from 62 to 64 will generate important financial savings for pension funds, because it delays retirement on common and performs a downward function. on the calculation of future pensions. It must also induce further social safety contributions on the roles of individuals aged 62 to 64.

It is true, then again, that the reform additionally generated prices by introducing a rise within the minimal contribution or measures on arduousness. Added to this, as Mr. Bardella factors out, are further prices linked to unemployed individuals aged 62 to 64 who will obtain unemployment rights, RSA or incapacity pensions.

However, no research or calculation permits us to conclude {that a} return to retirement at 62 has a constructive impact on public funds. The solely doable financial savings could be by repealing the social side (minimal contribution, hardship), on which Mr. Bardella is cautious to not make any progress.

A caricature of state medical assist

What he mentioned

Jordan Bardella estimated that the repeal of State Medical Aid (AME) would save 1.6 billion euros. According to him, the gadget grants “free healthcare for foreigners in an irregular situation”. The MEP proposed on June 14 on BFM-TV to exchange the AME with easy assist “emergency”.

WHY IS IT FALSE

The questioning of the AME is fixed within the discourse of the acute proper. This assist ensures entry to fundamental care, throughout the limits of social safety charges, to foreigners in an irregular scenario who’ve resided in France for at the least three months and have assets of lower than 810 euros monthly. Contrary to what the RN suggests, the checklist is restricted, with important out-of-pocket prices for dental and optical care.

AME raises public well being points. Not treating international individuals places them at risk, however would additionally hurt the remainder of the inhabitants, by selling the circulation of sure pathologies.

The thought, supported by the senatorial proper throughout the debates on the immigration legislation in 2023, of reworking the AME into “emergency” assist offers rise to quite a few reservations, detailed within the report submitted by Claude Evin (former Minister of Health ) and Patrick Stefanini (former prefect and member of the Council of State) in December 2023. They clarify that this barrier to prevention, prognosis and early medical care would weigh “on public health” And “on the resilience of the hospital system”which ought to assume a larger variety of pressing and important care, with further prices concerned.

Explanations | Three questions on state medical assist

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