An American state imposes the “Ten Commandments” on colleges, constitutional battle in sight | EUROtoday

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“Thou shalt not kill. » Starting next year, all Louisiana public schools, from kindergarten through college, will be required to display a poster of Ten Commandments in classrooms, under a controversial law that Republican Gov. Jeff Landry signed into law Wednesday. The looming legal battle may end up before the Supreme Court, which could decide to review its 1980 ruling which declared such a law in Kentucky unconstitutional.

This law comes as American ultraconservatives feel their wings growing since the Supreme Court returned, in June 2022, to the Roe v. Wade, ending the federal legality of abortion.

A “moral code” in school

“If we want to respect the rule of law, then we must start from the original law, that of Moses,” justified the governor in the course of the signing ceremony. The rapporteur of the textual content, Dodie Horton, says she desires to determine “a moral code” in school.

Unsurprisingly, the ACLU, an influential affiliation for the protection of freedoms, instantly introduced that it was taking authorized motion with different organizations, as a result of “school is not catechism”. “Yes, the law which requires displaying Ten Commandments in every class is unconstitutional. We’ll see you in court, Louisiana,” responded one of many affiliation’s legal professionals, Heather Lynn Weaver.

A precedent in 1980

More than 40 years in the past, Kentucky already tried the identical factor. At the time, the Supreme Court declared the legislation unconstitutional as a result of it violated the “establishment clause” of the First Amendment to the US Constitution. A cornerstone of the delicate separation of Church and State throughout the Atlantic, the latter stipulates that the federal authorities and the states should not create “any law aimed at establishing a religion”.

READ ALSO United States: the Supreme Court overturns restrictions on entry to the abortion tabletThis clause, nevertheless, performs a twin function, with the so-called free train clause: they stop the federal government from imposing a faith, however in addition they defend the free train of a faith by Americans.

In Louisiana, supporters of the legislation, nevertheless, see a current choice of the Supreme Court as cause for hope: in 2022, the court docket concluded (6-3) {that a} highschool soccer coach who led a prayer at coaching was wrongfully terminated by a faculty district in Washington state. According to the six conservative justices, the precise to hope, even on public faculty grounds, is protected by freedom of expression. The “originalists”, like Justice Clarence Thomas, even dream of going additional and returning to an orthodox studying of the founding texts which might defend, based on them, the precise of every American state to determine an official faith.



https://www.lepoint.fr/monde/un-etat-americain-impose-les-dix-commandements-a-l-ecole-bataille-constitutionnelle-en-vue-20-06-2024-2563462_24.php